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Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 194, Issue 5–6, pp 443–452 | Cite as

LiteBIRD: A Satellite for the Studies of B-Mode Polarization and Inflation from Cosmic Background Radiation Detection

  • M. HazumiEmail author
  • P. A. R. Ade
  • Y. Akiba
  • D. Alonso
  • K. Arnold
  • J. Aumont
  • C. Baccigalupi
  • D. Barron
  • S. Basak
  • S. Beckman
  • J. Borrill
  • F. Boulanger
  • M. Bucher
  • E. Calabrese
  • Y. Chinone
  • S. Cho
  • A. Cukierman
  • D. W. Curtis
  • T. de Haan
  • M. Dobbs
  • A. Dominjon
  • T. Dotani
  • L. Duband
  • A. Ducout
  • J. Dunkley
  • J. M. Duval
  • T. Elleflot
  • H. K. Eriksen
  • J. Errard
  • J. Fischer
  • T. Fujino
  • T. Funaki
  • U. Fuskeland
  • K. Ganga
  • N. Goeckner-Wald
  • J. Grain
  • N. W. Halverson
  • T. Hamada
  • T. Hasebe
  • M. Hasegawa
  • K. Hattori
  • M. Hattori
  • L. Hayes
  • N. Hidehira
  • C. A. Hill
  • G. Hilton
  • J. Hubmayr
  • K. Ichiki
  • T. Iida
  • H. Imada
  • M. Inoue
  • Y. Inoue
  • K. D. Irwin
  • H. Ishino
  • O. Jeong
  • H. Kanai
  • D. Kaneko
  • S. Kashima
  • N. Katayama
  • T. Kawasaki
  • S. A. Kernasovskiy
  • R. Keskitalo
  • A. Kibayashi
  • Y. Kida
  • K. Kimura
  • T. Kisner
  • K. Kohri
  • E. Komatsu
  • K. Komatsu
  • C. L. Kuo
  • N. A. Kurinsky
  • A. Kusaka
  • A. Lazarian
  • A. T. Lee
  • D. Li
  • E. Linder
  • B. Maffei
  • A. Mangilli
  • M. Maki
  • T. Matsumura
  • S. Matsuura
  • D. Meilhan
  • S. Mima
  • Y. Minami
  • K. Mitsuda
  • L. Montier
  • M. Nagai
  • T. Nagasaki
  • R. Nagata
  • M. Nakajima
  • S. Nakamura
  • T. Namikawa
  • M. Naruse
  • H. Nishino
  • T. Nitta
  • T. Noguchi
  • H. Ogawa
  • S. Oguri
  • N. Okada
  • A. Okamoto
  • T. Okamura
  • C. Otani
  • G. Patanchon
  • G. Pisano
  • G. Rebeiz
  • M. Remazeilles
  • P. L. Richards
  • S. Sakai
  • Y. Sakurai
  • Y. Sato
  • N. Sato
  • M. Sawada
  • Y. Segawa
  • Y. Sekimoto
  • U. Seljak
  • B. D. Sherwin
  • T. Shimizu
  • K. Shinozaki
  • R. Stompor
  • H. Sugai
  • H. Sugita
  • A. Suzuki
  • J. Suzuki
  • O. Tajima
  • S. Takada
  • R. Takaku
  • S. Takakura
  • S. Takatori
  • D. Tanabe
  • E. Taylor
  • K. L. Thompson
  • B. Thorne
  • T. Tomaru
  • T. Tomida
  • N. Tomita
  • M. Tristram
  • C. Tucker
  • P. Turin
  • M. Tsujimoto
  • S. Uozumi
  • S. Utsunomiya
  • Y. Uzawa
  • F. Vansyngel
  • I. K. Wehus
  • B. Westbrook
  • M. Willer
  • N. Whitehorn
  • Y. Yamada
  • R. Yamamoto
  • N. Yamasaki
  • T. Yamashita
  • M. Yoshida
Article

Abstract

LiteBIRD is a candidate satellite for a strategic large mission of JAXA. With its expected launch in the middle of the 2020s with a H3 rocket, LiteBIRD plans to map the polarization of the cosmic microwave background radiation over the full sky with unprecedented precision. The full success of LiteBIRD is to achieve \(\delta r < 0.001\), where \(\delta r\) is the total error on the tensor-to-scalar ratio r. The required angular coverage corresponds to \(2 \le \ell \le 200\), where \(\ell \) is the multipole moment. This allows us to test well-motivated cosmic inflation models. Full-sky surveys for 3 years at a Lagrangian point L2 will be carried out for 15 frequency bands between 34 and 448 GHz with two telescopes to achieve the total sensitivity of 2.5 \(\upmu \)K arcmin with a typical angular resolution of 0.5\(^\circ \) at 150 GHz. Each telescope is equipped with a half-wave plate system for polarization signal modulation and a focal plane filled with polarization-sensitive TES bolometers. A cryogenic system provides a 100 mK base temperature for the focal planes and 2 K and 5 K stages for optical components.

Keywords

Cosmic inflation Cosmic microwave background B-mode polarization Primordial gravitational wave Quantum gravity Satellite 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the ISAS/JAXA Phase-A1 program, by MEXT KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP15H05891, 21111002, by World Premier International Research Center Initiative (WPI), MEXT and by the JSPS Core-to-Core program. Development of the sub-Kelvin instrument was supported by the NASA mission of opportunity Phase A program.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Hazumi
    • 19
    • 22
    • 29
    • 49
    Email author
  • P. A. R. Ade
    • 47
  • Y. Akiba
    • 19
    • 49
  • D. Alonso
    • 41
  • K. Arnold
    • 16
  • J. Aumont
    • 20
  • C. Baccigalupi
    • 25
  • D. Barron
    • 48
  • S. Basak
    • 11
    • 25
  • S. Beckman
    • 15
  • J. Borrill
    • 6
    • 48
  • F. Boulanger
    • 20
  • M. Bucher
    • 3
  • E. Calabrese
    • 47
  • Y. Chinone
    • 15
    • 29
  • S. Cho
    • 13
  • A. Cukierman
    • 15
  • D. W. Curtis
    • 48
  • T. de Haan
    • 43
  • M. Dobbs
    • 42
  • A. Dominjon
    • 34
  • T. Dotani
    • 22
  • L. Duband
    • 18
  • A. Ducout
    • 29
  • J. Dunkley
    • 10
    • 41
  • J. M. Duval
    • 18
  • T. Elleflot
    • 16
  • H. K. Eriksen
    • 24
  • J. Errard
    • 3
  • J. Fischer
    • 48
  • T. Fujino
    • 53
  • T. Funaki
    • 12
  • U. Fuskeland
    • 24
  • K. Ganga
    • 3
  • N. Goeckner-Wald
    • 15
  • J. Grain
    • 20
  • N. W. Halverson
    • 4
    • 9
    • 17
  • T. Hamada
    • 2
    • 19
  • T. Hasebe
    • 22
  • M. Hasegawa
    • 19
    • 49
  • K. Hattori
    • 36
  • M. Hattori
    • 2
  • L. Hayes
    • 48
  • N. Hidehira
    • 12
  • C. A. Hill
    • 15
    • 43
  • G. Hilton
    • 38
  • J. Hubmayr
    • 38
  • K. Ichiki
    • 31
  • T. Iida
    • 29
  • H. Imada
    • 22
  • M. Inoue
    • 39
  • Y. Inoue
    • 19
    • 21
  • K. D. Irwin
    • 13
    • 28
  • H. Ishino
    • 12
  • O. Jeong
    • 15
  • H. Kanai
    • 53
  • D. Kaneko
    • 29
  • S. Kashima
    • 34
  • N. Katayama
    • 29
  • T. Kawasaki
    • 30
  • S. A. Kernasovskiy
    • 13
  • R. Keskitalo
    • 6
    • 48
  • A. Kibayashi
    • 12
  • Y. Kida
    • 12
  • K. Kimura
    • 39
  • T. Kisner
    • 6
    • 48
  • K. Kohri
    • 19
  • E. Komatsu
    • 33
  • K. Komatsu
    • 12
  • C. L. Kuo
    • 13
    • 28
  • N. A. Kurinsky
    • 13
    • 28
  • A. Kusaka
    • 14
    • 43
  • A. Lazarian
    • 52
  • A. T. Lee
    • 15
    • 43
    • 44
  • D. Li
    • 13
  • E. Linder
    • 43
    • 48
  • B. Maffei
    • 20
  • A. Mangilli
    • 20
  • M. Maki
    • 19
  • T. Matsumura
    • 29
  • S. Matsuura
    • 26
  • D. Meilhan
    • 48
  • S. Mima
    • 45
  • Y. Minami
    • 19
  • K. Mitsuda
    • 22
  • L. Montier
    • 5
  • M. Nagai
    • 34
  • T. Nagasaki
    • 19
  • R. Nagata
    • 19
  • M. Nakajima
    • 39
  • S. Nakamura
    • 53
  • T. Namikawa
    • 13
  • M. Naruse
    • 46
  • H. Nishino
    • 19
  • T. Nitta
    • 51
  • T. Noguchi
    • 34
  • H. Ogawa
    • 39
  • S. Oguri
    • 45
  • N. Okada
    • 23
  • A. Okamoto
    • 23
  • T. Okamura
    • 19
  • C. Otani
    • 45
  • G. Patanchon
    • 3
  • G. Pisano
    • 47
  • G. Rebeiz
    • 16
  • M. Remazeilles
    • 50
  • P. L. Richards
    • 15
  • S. Sakai
    • 22
  • Y. Sakurai
    • 29
  • Y. Sato
    • 23
  • N. Sato
    • 19
  • M. Sawada
    • 1
  • Y. Segawa
    • 19
    • 49
  • Y. Sekimoto
    • 8
    • 22
    • 49
  • U. Seljak
    • 15
  • B. D. Sherwin
    • 7
    • 27
    • 43
  • T. Shimizu
    • 8
  • K. Shinozaki
    • 23
  • R. Stompor
    • 3
  • H. Sugai
    • 29
  • H. Sugita
    • 23
  • A. Suzuki
    • 15
    • 44
  • J. Suzuki
    • 19
  • O. Tajima
    • 19
    • 49
  • S. Takada
    • 35
  • R. Takaku
    • 53
  • S. Takakura
    • 19
    • 40
  • S. Takatori
    • 19
    • 49
  • D. Tanabe
    • 19
    • 49
  • E. Taylor
    • 48
  • K. L. Thompson
    • 13
    • 28
  • B. Thorne
    • 29
    • 41
  • T. Tomaru
    • 19
  • T. Tomida
    • 22
  • N. Tomita
    • 14
  • M. Tristram
    • 32
  • C. Tucker
    • 47
  • P. Turin
    • 48
  • M. Tsujimoto
    • 22
  • S. Uozumi
    • 12
  • S. Utsunomiya
    • 29
  • Y. Uzawa
    • 37
  • F. Vansyngel
    • 20
  • I. K. Wehus
    • 24
  • B. Westbrook
    • 15
  • M. Willer
    • 48
  • N. Whitehorn
    • 15
  • Y. Yamada
    • 12
  • R. Yamamoto
    • 22
  • N. Yamasaki
    • 22
  • T. Yamashita
    • 53
  • M. Yoshida
    • 19
  1. 1.Aoyama Gakuin UniversitySagamiharaJapan
  2. 2.Astronomical Institute, Graduate School of ScienceTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  3. 3.AstroParticule et Cosmologie (APC)Univ Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/IrfuSorbonne Paris CitéFrance
  4. 4.Center for Astrophysics and Space AstronomyUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  5. 5.CNRS, IRAPToulouse cedex 4France
  6. 6.Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryComputational Cosmology CenterBerkeleyUSA
  7. 7.DAMTPUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  8. 8.Department of AstronomyThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  9. 9.Department of Astrophysical and Planetary SciencesUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  10. 10.Department of Astrophysical SciencesPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA
  11. 11.School of PhysicsIndian Institute of Science Education and Research ThiruvananthapuramThiruvananthapuramIndia
  12. 12.Department of PhysicsOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan
  13. 13.Department of PhysicsStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  14. 14.Department of PhysicsThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  15. 15.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  16. 16.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA
  17. 17.Department of PhysicsUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  18. 18.French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA)GrenobleFrance
  19. 19.High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK)TsukubaJapan
  20. 20.Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS), CNRS, UMR 8617Université Paris-Sud 11OrsayFrance
  21. 21.Institute of PhysicsAcademia SinicaNankangTaiwan
  22. 22.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS), Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)SagamiharaJapan
  23. 23.Research and Development DirectorateJapan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)TsukubaJapan
  24. 24.Institute of Theoretical AstrophysicsUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  25. 25.International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA)TriesteItaly
  26. 26.Kansei Gakuin UniversityNishinomiyaJapan
  27. 27.Kavli Institute for CosmologyCambridgeUK
  28. 28.SLAC National Accelerator LaboratoryKavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology (KIPAC)Menlo ParkUSA
  29. 29.Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU, WPI), UTIASThe University of TokyoKashiwaJapan
  30. 30.Kitazato UniversitySagamiharaJapan
  31. 31.Kobayashi-Maskawa Institute for the Origin of Particle and the UniverseNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  32. 32.Laboratoire de l’Accélérateur Linéaire (LAL), Univ. Paris-Sud, CNRS/IN2P3Université Paris-SaclayOrsayFrance
  33. 33.Max-Planck-Institut for AstrophysicsGarchingGermany
  34. 34.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ)MitakaJapan
  35. 35.National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS)TokiJapan
  36. 36.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)TsukubaJapan
  37. 37.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT)KobeJapan
  38. 38.National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)BoulderUSA
  39. 39.Osaka Prefecture UniversitySakaiJapan
  40. 40.Osaka UniversityToyonakaJapan
  41. 41.Oxford AstrophysicsOxfordUK
  42. 42.Physics DepartmentMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  43. 43.Physics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA
  44. 44.Radio Astronomy LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  45. 45.RIKENWakoJapan
  46. 46.Saitama UniversitySaitamaJapan
  47. 47.School of Physics and AstronomyCardiff UniversityCardiffUK
  48. 48.Space Sciences LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  49. 49.The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI)Miura District, HayamaJapan
  50. 50.The University of ManchesterManchesterUK
  51. 51.Division of Physics, Faculty of Pure and Applied SciencesUniversity of TsukubaIbarakiJapan
  52. 52.University of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  53. 53.Yokohama National UniversityYokohamaJapan

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