The LiteBIRD Satellite Mission: Sub-Kelvin Instrument

  • A. Suzuki
  • P. A. R. Ade
  • Y. Akiba
  • D. Alonso
  • K. Arnold
  • J. Aumont
  • C. Baccigalupi
  • D. Barron
  • S. Basak
  • S. Beckman
  • J. Borrill
  • F. Boulanger
  • M. Bucher
  • E. Calabrese
  • Y. Chinone
  • S. Cho
  • B. Crill
  • A. Cukierman
  • D. W. Curtis
  • T. de Haan
  • M. Dobbs
  • A. Dominjon
  • T. Dotani
  • L. Duband
  • A. Ducout
  • J. Dunkley
  • J. M. Duval
  • T. Elleflot
  • H. K. Eriksen
  • J. Errard
  • J. Fischer
  • T. Fujino
  • T. Funaki
  • U. Fuskeland
  • K. Ganga
  • N. Goeckner-Wald
  • J. Grain
  • N. W. Halverson
  • T. Hamada
  • T. Hasebe
  • M. Hasegawa
  • K. Hattori
  • M. Hattori
  • L. Hayes
  • M. Hazumi
  • N. Hidehira
  • C. A. Hill
  • G. Hilton
  • J. Hubmayr
  • K. Ichiki
  • T. Iida
  • H. Imada
  • M. Inoue
  • Y. Inoue
  • K. D. Irwin
  • H. Ishino
  • O. Jeong
  • H. Kanai
  • D. Kaneko
  • S. Kashima
  • N. Katayama
  • T. Kawasaki
  • S. A. Kernasovskiy
  • R. Keskitalo
  • A. Kibayashi
  • Y. Kida
  • K. Kimura
  • T. Kisner
  • K. Kohri
  • E. Komatsu
  • K. Komatsu
  • C. L. Kuo
  • N. A. Kurinsky
  • A. Kusaka
  • A. Lazarian
  • A. T. Lee
  • D. Li
  • E. Linder
  • B. Maffei
  • A. Mangilli
  • M. Maki
  • T. Matsumura
  • S. Matsuura
  • D. Meilhan
  • S. Mima
  • Y. Minami
  • K. Mitsuda
  • L. Montier
  • M. Nagai
  • T. Nagasaki
  • R. Nagata
  • M. Nakajima
  • S. Nakamura
  • T. Namikawa
  • M. Naruse
  • H. Nishino
  • T. Nitta
  • T. Noguchi
  • H. Ogawa
  • S. Oguri
  • N. Okada
  • A. Okamoto
  • T. Okamura
  • C. Otani
  • G. Patanchon
  • G. Pisano
  • G. Rebeiz
  • M. Remazeilles
  • P. L. Richards
  • S. Sakai
  • Y. Sakurai
  • Y. Sato
  • N. Sato
  • M. Sawada
  • Y. Segawa
  • Y. Sekimoto
  • U. Seljak
  • B. D. Sherwin
  • T. Shimizu
  • K. Shinozaki
  • R. Stompor
  • H. Sugai
  • H. Sugita
  • J. Suzuki
  • O. Tajima
  • S. Takada
  • R. Takaku
  • S. Takakura
  • S. Takatori
  • D. Tanabe
  • E. Taylor
  • K. L. Thompson
  • B. Thorne
  • T. Tomaru
  • T. Tomida
  • N. Tomita
  • M. Tristram
  • C. Tucker
  • P. Turin
  • M. Tsujimoto
  • S. Uozumi
  • S. Utsunomiya
  • Y. Uzawa
  • F. Vansyngel
  • I. K. Wehus
  • B. Westbrook
  • M. Willer
  • N. Whitehorn
  • Y. Yamada
  • R. Yamamoto
  • N. Yamasaki
  • T. Yamashita
  • M. Yoshida
Article
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Abstract

Inflation is the leading theory of the first instant of the universe. Inflation, which postulates that the universe underwent a period of rapid expansion an instant after its birth, provides convincing explanation for cosmological observations. Recent advancements in detector technology have opened opportunities to explore primordial gravitational waves generated by the inflation through “B-mode” (divergent-free) polarization pattern embedded in the cosmic microwave background anisotropies. If detected, these signals would provide strong evidence for inflation, point to the correct model for inflation, and open a window to physics at ultra-high energies. LiteBIRD is a satellite mission with a goal of detecting degree-and-larger-angular-scale B-mode polarization. LiteBIRD will observe at the second Lagrange point with a 400 mm diameter telescope and 2622 detectors. It will survey the entire sky with 15 frequency bands from 40 to 400 GHz to measure and subtract foregrounds. The US LiteBIRD team is proposing to deliver sub-Kelvin instruments that include detectors and readout electronics. A lenslet-coupled sinuous antenna array will cover low-frequency bands (40–235 GHz) with four frequency arrangements of trichroic pixels. An orthomode-transducer-coupled corrugated horn array will cover high-frequency bands (280–402 GHz) with three types of single frequency detectors. The detectors will be made with transition edge sensor (TES) bolometers cooled to a 100 milli-Kelvin base temperature by an adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator. The TES bolometers will be read out using digital frequency multiplexing with Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) amplifiers. Up to 78 bolometers will be multiplexed with a single SQUID amplifier. We report on the sub-Kelvin instrument design and ongoing developments for the LiteBIRD mission.

Keywords

Cosmic microwave background Satellite Inflation Polarization B-mode 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Development for the sub-Kelvin instrument was supported by the NASA Mission of Opportunity Phase A effort.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Suzuki
    • 44
  • P. A. R. Ade
    • 48
  • Y. Akiba
    • 19
    • 50
  • D. Alonso
    • 42
  • K. Arnold
    • 16
  • J. Aumont
    • 20
  • C. Baccigalupi
    • 25
  • D. Barron
    • 49
  • S. Basak
    • 11
    • 25
  • S. Beckman
    • 15
  • J. Borrill
    • 6
    • 49
  • F. Boulanger
    • 20
  • M. Bucher
    • 3
  • E. Calabrese
    • 48
  • Y. Chinone
    • 15
    • 30
  • S. Cho
    • 13
  • B. Crill
    • 26
  • A. Cukierman
    • 15
  • D. W. Curtis
    • 49
  • T. de Haan
    • 44
  • M. Dobbs
    • 43
  • A. Dominjon
    • 35
  • T. Dotani
    • 22
  • L. Duband
    • 18
  • A. Ducout
    • 30
  • J. Dunkley
    • 10
    • 42
  • J. M. Duval
    • 18
  • T. Elleflot
    • 16
  • H. K. Eriksen
    • 24
  • J. Errard
    • 3
  • J. Fischer
    • 49
  • T. Fujino
    • 54
  • T. Funaki
    • 12
  • U. Fuskeland
    • 24
  • K. Ganga
    • 3
  • N. Goeckner-Wald
    • 15
  • J. Grain
    • 20
  • N. W. Halverson
    • 4
    • 9
    • 17
  • T. Hamada
    • 2
    • 19
  • T. Hasebe
    • 35
  • M. Hasegawa
    • 19
    • 50
  • K. Hattori
    • 37
  • M. Hattori
    • 2
  • L. Hayes
    • 49
  • M. Hazumi
    • 19
    • 22
    • 30
    • 50
  • N. Hidehira
    • 12
  • C. A. Hill
    • 15
    • 44
  • G. Hilton
    • 39
  • J. Hubmayr
    • 39
  • K. Ichiki
    • 32
  • T. Iida
    • 30
  • H. Imada
    • 22
  • M. Inoue
    • 40
  • Y. Inoue
    • 19
    • 21
  • K. D. Irwin
    • 13
    • 29
  • H. Ishino
    • 12
  • O. Jeong
    • 15
  • H. Kanai
    • 54
  • D. Kaneko
    • 30
  • S. Kashima
    • 35
  • N. Katayama
    • 30
  • T. Kawasaki
    • 31
  • S. A. Kernasovskiy
    • 13
  • R. Keskitalo
    • 6
    • 49
  • A. Kibayashi
    • 12
  • Y. Kida
    • 12
  • K. Kimura
    • 40
  • T. Kisner
    • 6
    • 49
  • K. Kohri
    • 19
  • E. Komatsu
    • 34
  • K. Komatsu
    • 12
  • C. L. Kuo
    • 13
    • 29
  • N. A. Kurinsky
    • 13
    • 29
  • A. Kusaka
    • 14
    • 44
  • A. Lazarian
    • 53
  • A. T. Lee
    • 15
    • 44
    • 45
  • D. Li
    • 13
  • E. Linder
    • 44
    • 49
  • B. Maffei
    • 20
  • A. Mangilli
    • 20
  • M. Maki
    • 19
  • T. Matsumura
    • 30
  • S. Matsuura
    • 27
  • D. Meilhan
    • 49
  • S. Mima
    • 46
  • Y. Minami
    • 19
  • K. Mitsuda
    • 22
  • L. Montier
    • 5
  • M. Nagai
    • 35
  • T. Nagasaki
    • 19
  • R. Nagata
    • 19
  • M. Nakajima
    • 40
  • S. Nakamura
    • 54
  • T. Namikawa
    • 13
  • M. Naruse
    • 47
  • H. Nishino
    • 19
  • T. Nitta
    • 52
  • T. Noguchi
    • 35
  • H. Ogawa
    • 40
  • S. Oguri
    • 46
  • N. Okada
    • 23
  • A. Okamoto
    • 23
  • T. Okamura
    • 19
  • C. Otani
    • 46
  • G. Patanchon
    • 3
  • G. Pisano
    • 48
  • G. Rebeiz
    • 16
  • M. Remazeilles
    • 51
  • P. L. Richards
    • 15
  • S. Sakai
    • 22
  • Y. Sakurai
    • 30
  • Y. Sato
    • 23
  • N. Sato
    • 19
  • M. Sawada
    • 1
  • Y. Segawa
    • 19
    • 50
  • Y. Sekimoto
    • 8
    • 35
    • 50
  • U. Seljak
    • 15
  • B. D. Sherwin
    • 7
    • 28
    • 44
  • T. Shimizu
    • 8
  • K. Shinozaki
    • 23
  • R. Stompor
    • 3
  • H. Sugai
    • 30
  • H. Sugita
    • 23
  • J. Suzuki
    • 19
  • O. Tajima
    • 19
    • 50
  • S. Takada
    • 36
  • R. Takaku
    • 54
  • S. Takakura
    • 19
    • 41
  • S. Takatori
    • 19
    • 50
  • D. Tanabe
    • 19
    • 50
  • E. Taylor
    • 49
  • K. L. Thompson
    • 13
    • 29
  • B. Thorne
    • 30
    • 42
  • T. Tomaru
    • 19
  • T. Tomida
    • 22
  • N. Tomita
    • 1
  • M. Tristram
    • 33
  • C. Tucker
    • 16
  • P. Turin
    • 49
  • M. Tsujimoto
    • 22
  • S. Uozumi
    • 12
  • S. Utsunomiya
    • 30
  • Y. Uzawa
    • 38
  • F. Vansyngel
    • 20
  • I. K. Wehus
    • 24
  • B. Westbrook
    • 15
  • M. Willer
    • 49
  • N. Whitehorn
    • 15
  • Y. Yamada
    • 12
  • R. Yamamoto
    • 22
  • N. Yamasaki
    • 22
  • T. Yamashita
    • 54
  • M. Yoshida
    • 19
  1. 1.Aoyama Gakuin UniversitySagamiharaJapan
  2. 2.Astronomical Institute, Graduate School of ScienceTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  3. 3.AstroParticule et Cosmologie (APC)Univ Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Obs de ParisSorbonne Paris CitéFrance
  4. 4.Center for Astrophysics and Space AstronomyUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  5. 5.CNRS, IRAPToulouse cedex 4France
  6. 6.Computational Cosmology CenterLawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA
  7. 7.DAMTP, University of CambridgeCambridgeUK
  8. 8.Department of AstronomyUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan
  9. 9.Department of Astrophysical and Planetary SciencesUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  10. 10.Department of Astrophysical SciencesPrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA
  11. 11.Department of PhysicsAmrita UniversityKeralaIndia
  12. 12.Department of PhysicsOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan
  13. 13.Department of PhysicsStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  14. 14.Department of PhysicsUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan
  15. 15.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  16. 16.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaSan DiegoUSA
  17. 17.Department of PhysicsUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  18. 18.French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA)GrenobleFrance
  19. 19.High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK)TsukubaJapan
  20. 20.Institut d’Astrophysique Spatiale (IAS), CNRS, UMR 8617Université Paris-Sud 11OrsayFrance
  21. 21.Institute of Physics, Academia SinicaNankangTaiwan
  22. 22.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS)Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)SagamiharaJapan
  23. 23.Research and Development DirectorateJapan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)TsukubaJapan
  24. 24.Institute of Theoretical AstrophysicsUniversity of OsloOsloNorway
  25. 25.International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA)TriesteItaly
  26. 26.Jet Propulsion LaboratoryPasadenaUSA
  27. 27.Kansei Gakuin UniversityNishinomiyaJapan
  28. 28.Kavli Institute for Cosmology CambridgeCambridgeUK
  29. 29.Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology (KIPAC)SLAC National Accelerator LaboratoryMenlo ParkUSA
  30. 30.Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (Kavli IPMU, WPI), UTIASUniversity of TokyoKashiwaJapan
  31. 31.Kitazato UniversitySagamiharaJapan
  32. 32.Kobayashi-Maskawa Institute for the Origin of Particle and the UniverseNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  33. 33.Laboratoire de l’Accélérateur Linéaire (LAL), Univ. Paris-Sud, CNRS/IN2P3Université Paris-SaclayOrsayFrance
  34. 34.Max-Planck-Institut for AstrophysicsGarchingGermany
  35. 35.National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ)Mitaka, TokyoJapan
  36. 36.National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS)Toki, GifuJapan
  37. 37.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)TsukubaJapan
  38. 38.National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT)KobeJapan
  39. 39.National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)BoulderUSA
  40. 40.Osaka Prefecture UniversitySakaiJapan
  41. 41.Osaka UniversityToyonakaJapan
  42. 42.Oxford AstrophysicsOxfordUK
  43. 43.Physics DepartmentMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  44. 44.Physics DivisionLawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA
  45. 45.Radio Astronomy LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  46. 46.RIKEN, WakoSaitamaJapan
  47. 47.Saitama UniversitySaitamaJapan
  48. 48.School of Physics and AstronomyCardiff UniversityCardiffUK
  49. 49.Space Sciences LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  50. 50.The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI)Miura District, HayamaJapan
  51. 51.The University of ManchesterManchesterUK
  52. 52.Division of Physics, Faculty of Pure and Applied SciencesUniversity of TsukubaIbarakiJapan
  53. 53.University of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  54. 54.Yokohama National UniversityYokohamaJapan

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