A Path to High-Efficiency Optical Coupling for HIRMES

Abstract

The high-resolution mid-infrared spectrometer (HIRMES) under development for Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy is an instrument operating in the 25–122 μm spectral range with a spectral resolution R = Δλ/λ ~ 100,000 and has two absorber-coupled transition edge sensor bolometric detector focal planes. We have developed novel NbTiN low-stress absorber coatings which have the required optical impedance across the HIRMES operating band. The low intrinsic stress of these coatings allow for a peak-to-valley corrugation amplitude < 5 μm of the 450 nm thick, 1.4 mm × 1.7 mm detector pixels. Furthermore, these coatings have a superconducting transition temperature ~ 10 K, which allows them to simultaneously serve as an absorber in the desired signal band and a rejection filter at long wavelengths. This attribute makes them especially attractive for ultrasensitive absorber-coupled bolometric detector applications, because it helps in controlling the optical loading from out-of-band radiation. We also discuss a novel method for integrating a wedged-reflective absorber termination to the detector array.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by a SOFIA Third Generation Instrument Award. The authors gratefully acknowledge suggestions and discussions with Kevin Denis. Funding was supported by ROSES Solicitation NNH15ZDA001N-S3GSI, proposal number 15-S3CSI_CSR_0003.

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Correspondence to Timothy M. Miller.

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Miller, T.M., Brown, A., Costen, N. et al. A Path to High-Efficiency Optical Coupling for HIRMES. J Low Temp Phys 193, 681–686 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10909-018-1939-7

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Keywords

  • Transition edge sensor
  • HIRMES
  • Bolometer
  • Optical coupling