Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 191, Issue 3–4, pp 217–227 | Cite as

Inhomogeneous Phase Effect of Smart Meta-Superconducting \(\hbox {MgB}_{2}\)

  • Yongbo Li
  • Honggang Chen
  • Weichang Qi
  • Guowei Chen
  • Xiaopeng ZhaoEmail author


The inhomogeneous phase of a smart meta-superconductor has a great effect on its superconductivity. In this paper, the effect of concentration, dimensions, electroluminescence (EL) intensity, and distribution of the inhomogeneous phase on the superconducting critical temperature \((T_{C})\) has been systematically investigated. An ex situ solid sintering was utilized to prepare smart meta-superconducting \(\hbox {MgB}_{2}\) doped with six kinds of electroluminescent materials, such as \(\hbox {YVO}_{4}{:}\hbox {Eu}^{3+}\) and \(\hbox {Y}_{2}\hbox {O}_{3}{:}\hbox {Eu}^{3+}\) flakes. Elemental mappings through energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) show that the inhomogeneous phase is comparatively uniformly dispersed around the \(\hbox {MgB}_{2}\) particles; thus V, Y, and Eu were accumulated at a small area. The measurement results show that the optimum doping concentration of the meta-superconducting \(\hbox {MgB}_{2}\) is 2.0 wt%. The offset temperature (\(T_{C}^{{ off}}\)) of the sample doped with 2.0 wt% dopant A is 1.6 K higher than that of pure \(\hbox {MgB}_{2}\). The improvement in \(T_{C}^{{ off}}\) is likely related to the sizes, thickness, and EL intensity of the inhomogeneous phase of \(\hbox {MgB}_{2}\) smart meta-superconductor. This experiment provides a novel approach to enhance \(T_{C}\).


Smart meta-superconductor Inhomogeneous phase \(\hbox {MgB}_{2}\) Ex situ sintering \(T_{C}\) 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China for Distinguished Young Scholar under Grant No. 50025207.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yongbo Li
    • 1
  • Honggang Chen
    • 1
  • Weichang Qi
    • 1
  • Guowei Chen
    • 1
  • Xiaopeng Zhao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Smart Materials Laboratory, Department of Applied PhysicsNorthwestern Polytechnical UniversityXi’anPeople’s Republic of China

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