Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 187, Issue 5–6, pp 439–445 | Cite as

Head-on Collisions of Xe Atoms Against Superfluid \(^4\)He Nanodroplets

  • François Coppens
  • Antonio Leal
  • Manuel Barranco
  • Nadine Halberstadt
  • Marti Pi


We study the head-on collision of a heliophilic xenon atom with a superfluid \(^4\)He droplet made of 1000 atoms. At variance with the findings for a heliophobic cesium atom of a similar atomic weight, it is found that the xenon atom has to hit the droplet with a large kinetic energy in order to get across it without being captured. When it is not captured, the xenon impurity does not emerge as a bare atom; instead, due to its heliophilic character it carries away some helium atoms.


Superfluid \(^4\)He droplets Density functional theory Atomic collisions 



This work has been performed under Grants No. FIS2014-52285-C2-1-P from DGI, Spain, and 2014SGR401 from Generalitat de Catalunya and using HPC resources from CALMIP (Grant P1039). AL has been supported by the ME (Spain) FPI program, Grant No. BES-2012-057439. MB thanks the Université Fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées for financial support through the “Chaires d’Attractivité 2014” Programme IMDYNHE.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire des Collisions, Agrégats, Réactivité, IRSAMC, UMR 5589, CNRSUniversité Toulouse 3Toulouse Cedex 09France
  2. 2.Departament FQA, Facultat de Física, and IN²UBUniversitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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