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Statistical Measurement of Counterflow Turbulence in Superfluid Helium-4 Using \(\hbox {He}_2^*\) Tracer-Line Tracking Technique

An Erratum to this article was published on 15 February 2017


We report preliminary results of a systematic study of the flow of normal fluid component in steady-state quantum turbulence in thermal counterflow of superfluid \(^{4}\hbox {He}\) using a high-precision flow visualisation technique based on the tracking of thin lines of \(\hbox {He}_2^{*}\) molecular tracers. Non-trivial profiles of mean velocity and turbulent fluctuation across the channel are observed with complicated temperature- and heat flux-dependencies. Mean turbulence intensity, however, depends on velocity only very weakly and is controlled primarily by the temperature.

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J.G. and W.G. acknowledge the support from the US Department of Energy under Grant DE-FG02 96ER40952. E.V. acknowledges financial support from the Charles University in Prague and the hospitality of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory.

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Correspondence to E. Varga.

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Gao, J., Varga, E., Guo, W. et al. Statistical Measurement of Counterflow Turbulence in Superfluid Helium-4 Using \(\hbox {He}_2^*\) Tracer-Line Tracking Technique. J Low Temp Phys 187, 490–496 (2017).

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  • Quantum turbulence
  • Thermal counterflow
  • \(\hbox {He}_2^{*}\) molecules