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Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 184, Issue 1–2, pp 74–81 | Cite as

Development of the Next Generation of Multi-chroic Antenna-Coupled Transition Edge Sensor Detectors for CMB Polarimetry

  • B. Westbrook
  • A. Cukierman
  • A. Lee
  • A. Suzuki
  • C. Raum
  • W. Holzapfel
Article

Abstract

We present the development of the next generation of multi-chroic sinuous antenna-coupled transition edge sensor (TES) bolometers optimized for precision measurements of polarization of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) and cosmic foreground. These devices employ a polarization sensitive broadband self-complementary sinuous antenna to feed on-chip band defining filters before delivering the power to load resistors coupled to a TES on a released bolometer island. This technology was originally developed by UC Berkeley and will be deployed by POLARBEAR-2 and SPT-3G in the next year and half. In addition, it is a candidate detector for the LiteBIRD mission which will make all sky CMB and cosmic foreground polarization observations from a satellite platform in the early 2020’s. This works focuses on expanding both the bandwidth and band count per pixel of this technology in order to meet the needs of future CMB missions. This work demonstrates that these devices are well suited for observations between 20 and 380 GHz. This proceeding describes the design, fabrication, and the characterization of three new pixel types: a low-frequency triplexing pixel (LFTP) with bands centered on 40, 60, and 90 GHz, a high-frequency triplexing pixel (HFTP) with bands centered on 220, 280, and 350 GHz, and a mid-frequency tetraplexing pixel with bands (MFTP) centered on 90, 150, 220, and 280 GHz. The average fractional bandwidth of these pixels designs was 36.7, 34.5, and 31.4 % respectively. In addition we found that the polarization modulation efficiency of each band was between 1 and 3 % which is consistent with the polarization efficiency of the wire grid used to take the measurement. Finally, we find that the beams have \({\sim }\)1 % ellipticity for each pixel type. The thermal properties of the bolometers where tuned for characterization in our lab so we do not report on G and noise values as they would be unsuitable for modern CMB experiments.

Keywords

CMB Bolometers TES B-modes Polarization Inflation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work for this project was carried out with support from NASA Grant NNG06GJ08G.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Westbrook
    • 1
  • A. Cukierman
    • 1
  • A. Lee
    • 1
  • A. Suzuki
    • 1
  • C. Raum
    • 1
  • W. Holzapfel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA

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