Journal of Low Temperature Physics

, Volume 175, Issue 1–2, pp 31–36 | Cite as

Orientation of the Angular Momentum in Superfluid 3He-A in a Stretched Aerogel

  • J. I. A. LiEmail author
  • A. M. Zimmerman
  • J. Pollanen
  • C. A. Collett
  • W. J. Gannon
  • W. P. Halperin


Superfluid 3He-A in a fully characterized stretched aerogel, used in previous work by Pollanen et al., has been studied for parallel and perpendicular orientations of the magnetic field relative to the anisotropy axis of the aerogel. Consistently, we find that an equal spin pairing state (ESP) is stabilized down to the lowest temperature. From our pulsed NMR frequency shifts as a function of temperature and tip angle, the orientation of the orbital angular momentum \(\hat{l}\) has been determined. The aerogel anisotropy introduced by uniaxial stretching tends to align \(\hat{l}\) in the axial state parallel to the strain axis, consistent with the theory proposed by Sauls and contrary to Volovik’s prediction based on an impurity calculation of Rainer and Vuorio.


Aerogel anisotropy Axial state Order parameter 



We are grateful for support from the National Science Foundation, Condensed Matter Physics program DMR-1103625. And we thank S.A. Sauls and D. Vollhardt for helpful comments and discussion.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. I. A. Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. M. Zimmerman
    • 1
  • J. Pollanen
    • 1
  • C. A. Collett
    • 1
  • W. J. Gannon
    • 1
  • W. P. Halperin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA

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