Advertisement

Journal of Insect Behavior

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 268–279 | Cite as

Social Experience Affects Same-Sex Pairing Behavior in Male Red Flour Beetles (Tribolium castaneum Herbst)

  • Cassandra M. Martin
  • Kipp C. Kruse
  • Paul V. Switzer
Article

Abstract

Male red flour beetles (Tribolium castaneum Herbst) often pair and attempt to copulate with other males. We examined whether a male’s previous social experience affected his tendency to pair with other males. Virgin males were kept at different densities (singly, or with 3 or 7 males) and tested after 7, 14, or 28 days. Males performed fewer male-male pairing behaviors after being kept in higher densities and more male-male pairing behaviors after being kept with other males for longer periods of time. We also gave males experience with other males either before or after being isolated and found that male-male pairing behavior was most strongly influenced by a male’s most recent social experience. Finally, we found that being kept with females decreased a male’s subsequent tendency to pair with males relative to those previously kept with males. Overall, the results suggest that the type of social experience males acquire has a clear effect on whether they will pair with males in the future.

Keywords

Insect homosexual behavior mating behavior male-male pairing behavior mate recognition 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank two anonymous reviewers for their comments on a previous version of this manuscript. This research was partially supported by a National Science Foundation-Research Experience for Undergraduates grant to Eastern Illinois University and two undergraduate research grants from Eastern Illinois University to CMM.

References

  1. Aiken RB (1981) The relationship between body weight and homosexual mounting in Palmacorixa nana Walley (Heteroptera: Corixidae). Fla Entomol 64:267–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bagemihl B (1999) Biological exuberance: animal homosexuality and natural diversity. St. Martin’s Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Bailey NW, Zuk M (2009) Same-sex sexual behavior and evolution. Trends Ecol Evol 24:439–446CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bailey NW, Hoskins JL, Green J, Ritchie MG (2013) Measuring same-sex sexual behaviour: the influence of the male social environment. Anim Behav 86:91–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Benelli G, Canale A (2012) Do Psyttalia concolor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) males gain in mating competitiveness from being courted by other males while still young? Entomol Sci 15:257–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Benelli G, Canale A (2013) Male-male sexual behavior in the parasitic wasp Psyttalia concolor. J Insect Sci 13:25, http://www.insectscience.org/13.25 CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Benelli G, Gennari G, Francini A, Canale A (2013) Longevity costs of same-sex interactions: first evidence from a parasitic wasp. Invertebr Biol 132:156–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bernasconi G, Keller L (2001) Female polyandry affects their sons’ reproductive success in the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. J Evol Biol 14:186–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Castro L, Toro MA, López-Fanjul C (1994) The genetic properties of homosexual copulation behavior in Tribolium castaneum: artificial selection. Genet Sel Evol 26:361–367CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Dukas R (2006) Learning in the context of sexual behaviour in insects. Anim Biol 56:125–141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dukas R (2010) Causes and consequences of male-male courtship in fruit flies. Anim Behav 80:913–919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Field KL, Waite TA (2004) Absence of female conspecifics induces homosexual behaviour in male guppies. Anim Behav 68:1381–1389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Forsyth A, Alcock J (1990) Female mimicry and resource defense polygyny by males of a tropical rove beetle, Leidtotrophus versicolor (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Behav Ecol Sociobiol 26:325–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gailey DA, Jackson FR, Siegel RW (1982) Male courtship in Drosophila: the conditioned response to immature males and its genetic control. Genetics 102:771–782PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Graur D, Wool D (1982) Dynamics and genetics of mating behavior in Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Behav Genet 12:161–179CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Halliburton R, Gall GAE (1981) Disruptive selection and assortative mating in Tribolium castaneum. Evolution 35:829–843CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Harari AR, Brockmann HJ, Landolt PJ (2000) Intrasexual mounting in the beetle Diaprepes abbreviatus (L.). Proc R Soc Lond B 267:2071–2079CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kim Y-K, Ehrman L (1998) Developmental isolation and subsequent adult behavior or Drosophila paulistorum. IV. Courtship. Behav Genet 28:57–65CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Kodric-Brown A, Nicoletto PE (2001) Age and experience affect female choice in the guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Am Nat 157:316–323Google Scholar
  20. Larsson FK (1988) Experimentally induced density-dependent mating patterns in Phyllobius maculicornis Germ. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Am Midl Nat 119:380–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Levan KE, Fedina TY, Lewis SM (2009) Testing multiple hypotheses for the maintenance of male homosexual copulatory behaviour in flour beetles. J Evol Biol 22:60–70CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Lewis SM (2004) Multiple mating and repeated copulations: effects on male reproductive success in red flour beetles. Anim Behav 67:799–804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lewis SM, Iannini J (1995) Fitness consequences of differences in male mating behaviour in relation to female reproductive status in flour beetles. Anim Behav 50:1157–1160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Maklakov AA, Bonduriansky R (2009) Sex differences in survival costs of homosexual and heterosexual interactions: evidence from a fly and a beetle. Anim Behav 77:1375–1379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. McRobert SP, Tompkins L (1988) Two consequences of homosexual courtship performed by Drosophila melanogaster and Drosophila affinis males. Evolution 42:1093–1097CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Miller LK, Brooks R (2005) The effects of genotype, age, and social environment on male ornamentation, mating behavior, and attractiveness. Evolution 59:2414–2425Google Scholar
  27. Miller MN, Fincke OM (1999) Cues for mate recognition and the effect of prior experience on mate recognition in Enallagma damselflies. J Insect Behav 12:801–814CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ruther J, Steiner S (2008) Costs of female odour in males of the parasitic wasp Lariophagus distinguendus (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). Naturwissenschaften 95:547–552CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Scharf I, Martin OY (2013) Same-sex behavior in insects and arachnids: prevalence, causes, and consequences. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 67:1719–1730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Serrano JM, Castro L, Toro MA, López-Fanjul C (1991) The genetic properties of homosexual copulation behavior in Tribolium castaneum: diallel analysis. Behav Genet 21:547–558CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Serrano JM, Castro L, Toro MA, Lopez-Fanjul C (2000) Inter- and intraspecific sexual discrimination in the flour beetles Tribolium castaneum and Tribolium confusum. Heredity 85:142–146Google Scholar
  32. Sinnock P (1970) Frequency dependence and mating behavior in Tribolium castaneum. Am Nat 104:469–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sokoloff A (1974) The biology of tribolium, vol II. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  34. Spratt EC (1980) Male homosexual behavior and other factors influencing adult longevity in Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and T. confusum Duval. Stored Prod Res 16:109–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Svetec N, Ferveur J-F (2005) Social experience and pheromonal perception can change male-male interactions in Drosophila melanogaster. J Exp Biol 208:891–898CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Switzer PV, Forsythe PS, Escajeda K, Kruse KC (2004) Effects of environmental and social conditions on homosexual pairing in the Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newman). J Insect Behav 17:1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Taylor C, Sokoloff A (1971) A review of mating behavior in Tribolium. Tribolium Inf Bull 14:88–91Google Scholar
  38. Thornhill R, Alcock J (1983) The evolution of insect mating systems. Harvard University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Van Gossum H, De Bruyn L, Stoks R (2005) Reversible switches between male-male and male-female mating behaviour by male damselflies. Biol Lett 1:268–270CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cassandra M. Martin
    • 1
  • Kipp C. Kruse
    • 2
  • Paul V. Switzer
    • 2
  1. 1.Biology DepartmentSt. Ambrose UniversityDavenportUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesEastern Illinois UniversityCharlestonUSA

Personalised recommendations