Journal of Insect Behavior

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 514–526 | Cite as

Effect of Short-Term GSM Radiation at Representative Levels in Society on a Biological Model: The Ant Myrmica sabuleti

  • Marie-Claire Cammaerts
  • Guy A. E. VandenboschEmail author
  • Vladimir Volski


Well-controlled electromagnetic exposure conditions were set up at a representative societal GSM radiation intensity level, 1.5 V/m, which is the legally allowed level in Brussels. Two nests of the ant species Myrmica sabuleti were repeatedly irradiated during 10 min. before their behavior was observed, based on the analysis of the ant trajectories. Under these exposure conditions, behavioral effects were detected. The ants’ locomotion slightly changed. The ants’ orientation towards their attractive alarm pheromone statistically became of lower quality. The ants still presented their trail following behavior but less efficiently. In this controversial issue, ants could be considered as possible bioindicators.


Electromagnetic waves radiation mobile phone the ant Myrmica sabuleti radiation norms exposure levels 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie-Claire Cammaerts
    • 1
  • Guy A. E. Vandenbosch
    • 2
    Email author
  • Vladimir Volski
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Sciences, DBO, CP 160/12Free University of BrusselsBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Electrical EngineeringKatholieke Universiteit LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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