Advertisement

Journal of Insect Behavior

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 514–526 | Cite as

Effect of Short-Term GSM Radiation at Representative Levels in Society on a Biological Model: The Ant Myrmica sabuleti

  • Marie-Claire Cammaerts
  • Guy A. E. VandenboschEmail author
  • Vladimir Volski
Article

Abstract

Well-controlled electromagnetic exposure conditions were set up at a representative societal GSM radiation intensity level, 1.5 V/m, which is the legally allowed level in Brussels. Two nests of the ant species Myrmica sabuleti were repeatedly irradiated during 10 min. before their behavior was observed, based on the analysis of the ant trajectories. Under these exposure conditions, behavioral effects were detected. The ants’ locomotion slightly changed. The ants’ orientation towards their attractive alarm pheromone statistically became of lower quality. The ants still presented their trail following behavior but less efficiently. In this controversial issue, ants could be considered as possible bioindicators.

Keywords

Electromagnetic waves radiation mobile phone the ant Myrmica sabuleti radiation norms exposure levels 

References

  1. Adang D, Campo B, Vander Vorst A (2006) Has a 970 MHz pulsed exposure an effect on the memory related behaviour of rats? Wireless Technology, Browser Conference Publications, Manchester, pp 135–138Google Scholar
  2. Benlaidi FZ, El Kharroussi M (2011) Les effets des ondes électromagnétiques générées par le GSM sur la mémoire et le comportement chez le rat (Effects of electromagnetic waves generated by GSM on the memory and behavior of rats). https://sites.google.com/site/gdrineuro/r%C3%A9sum%C3%A9s6
  3. Bourthoumieu S, Joubert V, Marin B, Collin A, Leveque P, Terro F, Yardin C (2010) Cytogenetic studies in human cells exposed in vitro to GSM-900 MHz radiofrequency radiation using R-banded karyotyping. Radiat Res 174:712–718PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cammaerts M-C, Debeir O, Cammaerts R (2011) Changes in Paramecium caudatum (Protozoa) near a switched-on GSM telephone. Electromagn Biol Med 30:57–66PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cammaerts M-C, Morel F, Martino F, Warzée N (2012a) An easy and cheap software-based method to assess two-dimensional trajectories parameters. Belg J Zool 142:145–151Google Scholar
  6. Cammaerts M-C, De Doncker P, Patris X, Bellens F, Rachidi Z, Cammaerts D (2012b) GSM 900 MHz radiations inhibits ants’ association between food sites and encountered cues. Electromagn Biol Med 31:151–165PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cammaerts M-C, Rachidi Z, Bellens F, De Doncker P (2013) Food collection and responses to pheromones in an ant species exposed to electromagnetic radiation. Electromagn Biol Med 32:315–332PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Caraglia M, Marra M, Mancinelli F, d'Ambrosio G, Massa R, Giordano A, Budillon A, Abbruzzese A, Bismuto E (2005) Electromagnetic fields at mobile phone frequency induce apoptosis and inactivation of the multi-chaperone complex in human epidermoid cancer cells. J Cell Physiol 204:539–548PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Clarke D, Whitney H, Sutton G, Robert D (2013) Detection and learning of floral electric fields by bumblebees. Science 340:66–69, www.bristol.ac.uk/news/2013/9163.html PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cucurachi S, Tamis WL, Vijver MG, Peijnenburg WJ, Bolte JF, de Snoo GR (2013) A review of the ecological effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF). Environ Int 51:116–140PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Everaert J, Bauwens D (2007) A possible effect of electromagnetic radiation from mobile phone base stations on the number of breeding house sparrows (Passer domesticus). Electromagn Biol Med 26:63–72PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Favre D (2011) Mobile phone-induced honeybee worker piping. Apidologie 42:270–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Haggerty K (2010) Adverse influence of radio frequency background on trembling aspen seedlings: preliminary observations. Int J For Res. article ID 836278, 7 p., doi: 10.1155/2010/836278
  14. Joubert V, Leveque P, Rametti A, Collin A, Bourthoumieu S, Yardin C (2006) Microwave exposure of neuronal cells in vitro: study of apoptosis. Int J Radiat Biol 82:267–275PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Liu YX, Tai JL, Li GQ, Zhang ZW, Xue JH, Liu HS, Zhu H, Cheng JD, Liu YL, Li AM, Zhang Y (2012) Exposure to 1950-MHz TD-SCDMA electromagnetic fields affects the apoptosis of astrocytes via caspase-3-dependent pathway. PLoS One. 7(8) doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042332
  16. Nicholls B, Racey PA (2009) The aversive effect of electromagnetic radiation on foraging bats – a possible means of discouraging bats from approaching wind turbines. PLoS One 2009:4(7). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0006246 Google Scholar
  17. Pall ML (2013) Electromagnetic fields act via activation of Voltage-gated calcium channels to produce beneficial or adverse effects. J Cell Mol Med. doi: 10.1111/jcmm.12088, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jcmm.12088/pdf PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Panagopoulos DJ (2012) In: Spindler-Barth M (ed) Gametogenesis, embryonic and post-embryonic development of Drosophila melanogaster, as a model system for the assessment of radiation and environmental genotoxicity. Drosophila melanogaster, life cycle, genetics. Nova, New York, pp 1–38Google Scholar
  19. Passera L, Aron S (2005) Les fourmis: comportement, organisation sociale et évolution. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, 480 ppGoogle Scholar
  20. Riveros A, Srygley R (2008) Do leafcutter ants, Atta colombica, orient their path-integrated home vector with a magnetic compass? Anim Behav 74:1273–1281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Roux D, Vian A, Girard S, Bonnet P, Paladian F, Davies E, Ledoigt G (2008) High frequency (900 MHz) low amplitude (5 V/m) electromagnetic field: a genuine environmental stimulus that affects transcription, translation, calcium and energy charge in tomato. Planta 227:883–891PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Salford LG, Brun AE, Eberhardt JL, Malmgren K, Persson BRR (2003) Nerve cell damage in mammalian brain after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones. Environ Health Perspect 111:881–883PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sharma VP, Kumar NR (2010) Changes in honeybee behavior and biology under the influence of cellphone radiations. Curr Sci 98:1376–1378Google Scholar
  24. Siegel S, Castellan NJ (1989) Nonparametric statistics for the behavioural sciences. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Singapore, 396 ppGoogle Scholar
  25. Sivani S, Sudarsanam D (2012) Impacts of radio-frequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) from cell phone towers and wireless devices on biosystem and ecosystem – a review. Biol Med 4:202–216Google Scholar
  26. Vignera SL, Condorelli RA, Vicari ED et al (2012) Effects of the exposure to mobile phones on male reproduction: a review of the literature. J Androl 33:350–356PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Volkow ND, Tomasi D, Wang G, Vaska P, Fowler JS, Telang F, Alexoff D, Logan J, Wong C (2011) Effects of cell phone radiofrequency signal exposure on brain glucose metabolism. JAMA 305(8):808–813. doi: 10.1001/jama.2011.186 PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wajnberg E et al (2010) Magnetoreception in eusocial insects: an update. J R Soc Interface 7(Suppl 2):S207–S225PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wang L, Peng R, Hu X et al (2009) Abnormality of synaptic vesicular associated proteins in cerebral cortex and hippocampus after microwave exposure. Synapse (New York) 63:1010–1016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Warnke U (2009) Bees, birds and mankind – Destroying nature by electrosmog. Kempten, 47 ppGoogle Scholar
  31. Witthöft M, Rubin GJ (2013) Are media warnings about the adverse health effects of modern life self-fulfilling? An experimental study on idiopathic environmental intolerance attributed to electromagnetic fields (IEI-EMF). J Psychosom Res 74:206–212PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie-Claire Cammaerts
    • 1
  • Guy A. E. Vandenbosch
    • 2
    Email author
  • Vladimir Volski
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Sciences, DBO, CP 160/12Free University of BrusselsBrusselsBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Electrical EngineeringKatholieke Universiteit LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

Personalised recommendations