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Mesoporous Zn–Ti Mixed Oxide Nanostructure: A New Bifunctional Catalyst for Partial Oxidation and Bezylation Reactions

Abstract

Here, we report a facile synthesis of porous zinc-titanium oxide based mixed oxide nanoparticles having Zn/Ti molar ratio 1:2 based on evaporation-induced sol–gel route using Pluronic triblock copolymer P123 as a template. Use of volatile ethanolic media during the evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) method facilitates the formation of Zn–Ti mixed oxide heterostructure. Powder XRD data reveals that the composite material displayed ZnTiO3/TiO2 phases. Morphology, composition, porosity, nanostructure and thermal stability have been systematically investigated using small angle powder XRD, FE SEM-EDS, TEM, N2 sorption, FT IR and TG-DTA techniques. The observed BET surface area of Zn–Ti mixed oxide was 231 m2 g−1 with a typical mesopore diameter (~ 5 nm) mostly arising from interparticle void space. The Zn–Ti mixed oxide catalyst showed bifunctional activity for Friedel–Craft benzylation of aromatics using benzyl chloride as well as partial oxidation of olefins under mild reaction conditions using dilute aqueous H2O2 as oxidant.

Graphical Abstract

Zn–Ti based porous nanoparticles synthesized using Pluronic P123 copolymer surfactant via EISA method has shown a very high surface area of 231 m2 g−1 and a significant bifunctional role for liquid phase oxidation and benzylation reaction.

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Acknowledgements

N. Pal conveys gratitude to R & D section of MGIT for supporting her research work. She also wishes to thank the Jadavpur University and Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science for the technical support to analyze her sample.

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The authors declare that no funds, grants, or other support were received during the preparation of this manuscript.

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Contributions

All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection and analysis were performed by NP and DC. The first draft of the manuscript was written by NP and modified by AB. All authors commented on the manuscript modification. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Nabanita Pal or Asim Bhaumik.

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Pal, N., Chakraborty, D., Bhaumik, A. et al. Mesoporous Zn–Ti Mixed Oxide Nanostructure: A New Bifunctional Catalyst for Partial Oxidation and Bezylation Reactions. J Inorg Organomet Polym (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10904-022-02347-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10904-022-02347-4

Keywords

  • Porous nanoparticles
  • Tetragonal ZnTiO3
  • ZnTiO3/TiO2 composite
  • Bifunctional catalysis
  • Oxidation
  • Benzylation