Removal of Organic Colorants Using Nano Copper Antimony Oxychloride Synthesized by Non-solvated System

Abstract

The toxicity of the organic dyes presents in the environment due to polluted discharge from industries is a real dilemma in the world. Here, the problem was addressed with the synthesis of new quaternary mineral cupric antimony oxychloride (CAO) during the study of Cu–Sb–O–Cl system in absence of solvents. The morphological analysis showed that synthesized matrix is rough and uneven with round and cylindrical shapes. The composition of nanomaterial verified the elemental composition as Cu, Sb and Cl. The XRD analysis revealed that synthesized product CAO is crystalline in nature where crystallite size was estimated in the range of 2–8 nm. The bond vibrations were studied through Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy to confirm the symmetric and asymmetric vibrations in the matrix. The material parameters (grain size, dislocation line density, stresses and miller indices) of the synthesized material CAO were calculated using powder X-ray diffraction analysis. Thermogravimetric analysis was performed to study the decomposition behaviour and stability of the CAO. The copper ternary compound was used to mitigate the effect of organic dyes like Sunset yellow (26%), Methylene blue (23%), Brilliant green (20%), Methyl orange (14%) in the dyes polluted wastewater.

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Acknowledgements

The author FR is thankful to the Higher Education Commission, Pakistan for its financial support through Project No. IPFP/HRD/HEC/2014/1618.

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Correspondence to Faiz Rabbani or Muhammad Rafique.

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Rabbani, F., Shaikh, A.J., Khan, J. et al. Removal of Organic Colorants Using Nano Copper Antimony Oxychloride Synthesized by Non-solvated System. J Inorg Organomet Polym 29, 893–900 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10904-018-01063-2

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Keywords

  • Oxychloride
  • Mitigation of organic dyes
  • PXRD
  • TGA
  • Raman analysis