Advertisement

Heterocyclic Grafting Functionalization of Silica Nanoparticles: Fabrication, Morphological Investigation and Application for PVA Nanocomposites

  • Mehdi Hatami
  • Mohammad Ahmadipour
  • Sakineh Asghari
Article

Abstract

In this study, Knoevenagel condensation reaction was performed to prepare a new designed silane coupling agent from the reaction of the synthetic 4-H pyran derivative (EA) and 3-isocyanatopropyl triethoxysilane. The surface modification of silica nanoparticles by novel modifier was achieved by sol–gel technology. Also, in the next step, PVA/silica nanocomposites have been fabricated to investigate the chemical and physical properties of the new decorated nanoparticles. The surface modification of silica nanoparticles reduced the aggregation of nanoparticles effectively using newly prepared silane coupling agent and showed the enhanced performance for host matrix. FT-IR analysis demonstrated that the six membered ring moieties have been covalently bonded to the surface of the SiO2 nanoparticles. The PVA/SiO2 nanocomposites including 2, 5, 10 and 15 wt% nano contents have been prepared. Characterization of the prepared samples with FT-IR, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) confirmed the synthesis of the nanocomposites with good dispersion properties for nanoparticles. The particles size of ornamented nanoparticles in nanocomposites are about 50–60 nm as characterized by FE-SEM and AFM analyses.

Keywords

Nanocomposites Silica nanoparticles Morphological investigation Atomic force microscopy 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to express our thankfulness to the Research Affairs Division University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, and also University of Bonab, Bonab for partial financial support. Further financial support from Iran Nanotechnology Initiative Council (INIC) is appreciatively acknowledged.

References

  1. 1.
    J. Zhu, Q. Wang, M.-X. Wang, Multicomponent reactions in organic synthesis. (Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2015)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Brahmachari, Green synthetic approaches for biologically relevant heterocycles. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Y. Li, B. Zhao, B. Du, Q. Jiang, X. Wang, C. Cao, Tetrahedron Lett. 54, 227 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. Pagadala, S. Maddila, S.B. Jonnalagadda, Org. Prep. Proced. Int. 46, 261 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Obst, T. Heinze, Macromol. Mater. Eng. 301, 65 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M.D. Aytemir, U. Calis, M. Ozalp, Arch. Pharm. Pharm. Med. Chem. 337, 281 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A.R. Saundane, K. Vijaykumar, A.V. Vaijinath, Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 23, 1978 (2013)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.-I. Hsiang, Y.-L. Chang, C.-Y. Chen, F.-S. Yen, Mat. Chem. Phys. 120, 476 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. Oikawa, T. Saito, S. Idomukai, T. Tanaka, M. Nishida, H. Sawada, J. Fluorine Chem. 177, 70 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Hatami, B.F. Azarkar, M. Qandalee, H. Hasanabadi, Polym. Eng. Sci. 55, 2339 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Taghavi, M. Ghaemy, S.M.A. Nasab, M. Hassanzadeh, J. Polym. Res. 22, 1 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    X. Wang, P. Wang, Y. Jiang, Q. Su, J. Zheng, Compos. Sci. Technol. 104, 1 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    L.-Y. Meng, S. Han, N. Jiang, W. Meng, Mat. Chem. Phys. 148, 798 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    L.H. Manchini, C.L. Espozito, Nanocomposites: Preparation, properties, and Performance. (Nova Science Publisher, New York, 2008)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A.T. Mane, S.T. Navale, R.S. Mane, M. Naushad, V.B. Patil, Prog. Org. Coat. 87, 88 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. Mallakpour, M. Hatami, A.A. Ensafi, H. Karimi Maleh, J. Solid State Electrochem. 115, 2053 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. Yazdani, M. Hatami, S.M. Vahdat, Turk. J. Chem. 38, 388 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. Marandi, M.E. Olya, B. Vahid, M. Khosravi, M. Hatami, Environ. Eng. Sci. 29, 957 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Azizi, M.B. Ahmad, M.Z. Hussein, N.A. Ibrahim, F. Namvar, Int. J. Nanomedicine 9, 1909 (2014)CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. Asghari, S. Ramezani, M. Ahmadipour, M. Hatami, Des. Monomers Polym. 13, 73 (2011)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. Shahabadi, M. Abdollahi, A. Sharif, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 40, 3749 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Asghari, M. Hatami, M. Ahmadipour, Polym. Plast. Technol. Eng. 54, 192 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Mallakpour, A. Abdolmaleki, Z. khalesi, S. Borandeh, Polymer 81, 140 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    V. Mittal, Advanced polymer nanoparticles: synthesis and surface modification. (Taylor and Francis, London, 2011)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Mallakpour, L. Mani, Prog. Org. Coat. 78, 35 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. Abdollahi, M. Rouhani, M. Hemmati, P. Salarizadeh, Polym. Int. 62, 713 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Asghari, R. Baharfar, M. Alimi, M. Ahmadipour, M. Mohseni, Monatsh Chem. 145, 1337 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    A.M. Buckley, M. Greenblatt, J. Chem. Ed. 71, 599 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    R. Goyal, S.K. Tripathi, E. Vazquez, P. Kumar, K.C. Gupta, Biomacromolecules 13, 73 (2011)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    D. Nečas, P. Klapetek, Gwyddion - Free SPM (AFM, SNOM/NSOM, STM, MFM, …) data analysis software. Gwyddion - Free SPM (AFM, SNOM/NSOM, STM, MFM, …) data analysis software (2009), http://gwyddion.net/. Accessed 01 Feb 2016
  31. 31.
    D.W. Van Krevelen, P.J. Hoftyzer, Properties of Polymers, 3rd edn. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1976)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehdi Hatami
    • 1
  • Mohammad Ahmadipour
    • 2
  • Sakineh Asghari
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Polymer Research Laboratory, Departement of Polymer Science and EngineeringUniversity of BonabBonabIran
  2. 2.Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of ChemistryUniversity of MazandaranBabolsarIran
  3. 3.Nano and Biotechnology Research GroupUniversity of MazandaranBabolsarIran

Personalised recommendations