Advertisement

Studies on the Mechanical, Electrical Properties and Interaction of Petroleum Fuels with SBR/ Manganous Tungstate Nanocomposites

  • V. C. Jasna
  • M. T. Ramesan
Article

Abstract

A novel nanocomposite based on styrene butadiene rubber (SBR) and manganous tungstate (MnWO4) nanoparticles was prepared by a simple and inexpensive open two-roll mixing mill. The interaction of the nanoparticles with SBR matrix was studied by different characterization techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and electrical properties. The effect of loading of MnWO4 nanoparticles on the processing characteristics of mixed rubber compounds, mechanical properties and the transport properties of nanocomposites through petroleum fuels were also analysed. XRD of nanocomposite revealed that the addition of nanoparticles imparts a semi-crystalline or regular arrangement of chains in the composite. SEM analysis showed good dispersion of nanoparticles in the polymer matrix. Also it has been observed that the dispersion of nanoparticles decreases with increase in its loading. TGA analysis indicated better thermal stability of all nanocomposite and thermal stability increases with the loading of the nanoparticles. The AC conductivity and dielectric properties were greatly enhanced in the whole range of frequencies studied. The processing properties of rubber compounds like cure and scorch time decreases with increase in concentration of MnWO4 nanoparticles and the maximum enhancement in torque was observed for 10 phr loading. The tensile strength, modulus, tear resistance, hardness and heat build-up of the composite increased whereas the resilience, compression set and elongation at break decreased with the loading of nanoparticles. Solvent penetration studies of nanocomposites were done in petroleum fuels at different temperatures.The solvent uptake was the minimum for composite with 10 phr of MnWO4 and penetration of solvent increased with further addition of nanoparticles.

Keywords

SBR Manganous tungstate nanoparticles Crystallinity Thermal stability Electrical studies Mechanical properties Petroleum fuels 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to thank Prof. P. P. Pradyumnan, Department of Physics, University of Calicut, and Prof. P. Pradeep, Department of Physics, NIT Calicut, for providing necessary facilities in the department.

References

  1. 1.
    S. Al-Hussaini, W. Eldars, J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym. 26, 691 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M.T. Ramesan, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 131, 3681 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Shahrajabian, S.Y.A. Brooghani, S.J. Ahmadi, J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym. 23, 1282 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    K.W. Park, G.H. Kim, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 112, 1845 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. Zou, Q. Ma, Y. Tian, S. Wu, J. Shen, Polym. Compos. 27, 529 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    K. Suhailath, M.T. Ramesan, B. Naufal, P. Periyat, V.C. Jasna, P. Jayakrishnan, Polym. Bull. 74, 671 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M.T. Ramesan, P. Jayakrishnan, J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym. 27, 143 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Nihmath, M.T. Ramesan, J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym. 27, 481 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Krook, A.C. Albertsson, U.W. Gedde, M.S. Hedenqvist, Polym. Eng. Sci. 42, 1238 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Maiti, A.K. Bhowmick, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 105, 435 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. H. Chang, Y.U. An, J. Polym. Sci. B 40, 670 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M.T. Ramesan, Int. J. Plast. Technol. 19, 368 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    C.K. Radhakrishnan, B. Ganesh, A. Sujith, G. Unnikrishnan, S. Thomas, Polym. Polym. Comp. 13, 335 (2005)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.L. Leblanc, Prog. Polym. Sci. 27, 627 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    F. El-Tantawy, Polym. Degrad. Stab. 73, 289 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    M.T. Ramesan, K. Surya, Polym. Renew. Resour. 7, 81 (2016)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    S.S. Choi, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 93, 1001 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    M.T. Ramesan, R. Alex, Kautsch. Gummi Kunstst. 53, 596 (2000)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    R.J. Kalbasi, N. Mosaddegh, J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym. 22, 404 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M.T. Ramesan, V.P.A. Raheem, P. Jayakrishnan, P.P. Pradyumnan, AIP Conf. Proc. 1620, 3 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Muthamizh, R. Suresh, K. Giribabu, R. Manigandan, S.P. Kumar, S. Munusamy, V. Narayanan, J. Alloys Compd. 619, 601 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M.T. Ramesan, V. Nidhisha, P. Jayakrishnan, Polym. Int. 66, 548 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    P. Jayakrishnan, M.T. Ramesan, J. Inorg. Organomet. Polym. 27, 323 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    R.M. Mors, M.N. Ismaiel, A.A. Yehia, Int. J. Mater. Meth. Tech. 1, 22 (2013)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    M.T. Ramesan Int. J. Polym. Mater. 60, 1130 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    M.T. Ramesan, J. Polym. Res. 11, 333 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    M.T. Ramesan, J. Elastom. Plast. 46, 303 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    C. Sareena, M.T. Ramesan, E. Purushothaman, Fibers Polym. 14, 1674 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    M.T. Ramesan, Polym. Polym. Compos. 23, 85 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    C. Sareena, M.T. Ramesan, E. Purushothaman, Polym. Compos. 33, 1678 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    M.T. Ramesan, Pet. Sci. Technol. 32, 1775 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. Balachandran, S.S. Bhagawan, J. Polym. Res. 19, 1 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    A. Sujith, G. Unnikrishnan, J. Mater. Sci. 40, 4625 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    P. Mathew, S. Packirisamy, M.G. Kumaran, S. Thomas, Polymer 25, 4935 (2002)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    K.K. Hwang, S.H. Ryu, S.K. Hong, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 86, 2701 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    V.S. Vinod, S. Varghese, B. Kuriakose, J. Mater. Sci. 35, 5699 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    J. Abraham, H.J. Maria, S.C. George, N. Kalarikkal, S. Thomas, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17, 11217 (2015)CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of CalicutMalappuramIndia

Personalised recommendations