Skip to main content

Refinement of Hypereutectic Al–Si Alloy by a New Al–Sc–P Master Alloy


In this article, a novel Al–Sc–P master alloy with ScP particles was successfully synthesized. The XRD result identifies that the Al–1Sc–1P master alloy is composed of two phases, i.e. α-Al and ScP. The microstructure analysis shows that ScP present grey granular particles with 6.5 μm in size. The reason for the excellent refining performance of this master alloy is discussed based on the chemical kinetics theory. During the solidification process, P which dissolved homogeneously in the melt bonded with Al and precipitated in the form of AlP, providing heterogeneous nucleation sites for primary Si.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5


  1. J. Li, M. Elmadagli, V.Y. Gertsman, J. Lo, A.T. Alpas, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 421, 317 (2006)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. M.M. Haque, A. Sharif, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 118, 69 (2001)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. V.C. Srivastava, R.K. Mandal, S.N. Ojha, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 383, 14 (2004)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. R. Sterner, C. Rainer, US Patent 1940922, 26 Dec 1933

  5. A. Addamiano, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 82, 1537 (1960)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. C.R. Ho, B. Cantor, Acta Metall. Mater. 43, 3231 (1995)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. B. Cantor, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 226–228, 151 (1997)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Q. Ma, Acta Mater. 55, 943 (2007)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. F.C. Robles Hernandez, J.H. Sokolowski, J. Alloys Compd. 426, 205 (2006)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. H.H. Zhang, H.L. Duan, G.J. Shao, L.P. Xu, Rare Met. 27, 59 (2008)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. D.Y. Maeng, J.H. Lee, C.W. Won, S.S. Cho, B.S. Chun, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 105, 196 (2000)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. M. Faraji, I. Todd, H. Jones, J. Mater. Sci. 36, 2667 (2001)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. M. Zuo, X.F. Liu, Q.Q. Sun, K. Jiang, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 209, 5504 (2009)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Q. Zhang, X.F. Liu, H.S. Dai, J. Alloys Compd. 480, 376 (2009)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. M. Zuo, K. Jiang, X.F. Liu, J. Alloys Compd. 503, 26 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. M. Kim, Y. Hong, H. Cho, Met. Mater. 10, 513 (2004)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. W. Prukkanon, N. Srisukhumbowornchai, C. Limmaneevichitr, J. Alloys Compd. 477, 454 (2009)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. J. Hou, C. Li, X.F. Liu, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 735 (2011)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. M. Kim, Met. Mater. 13, 103 (2007)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. J.Y. Qin, M. Zuo, T.K. Gu, X.F. Liu, J. Alloys Compd. 492, 5256 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Min Zuo.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Zuo, M., Liu, X. Refinement of Hypereutectic Al–Si Alloy by a New Al–Sc–P Master Alloy. J Inorg Organomet Polym 22, 64–69 (2012).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Al–Si alloys
  • Al–Sc–P master alloy
  • ScP
  • Primary Si
  • Chemical kinetics