Obesity and Regional Immigrant Density
- 75 Downloads
Canada has an increasingly large immigrant population. Areas of higher immigrant density, may relate to immigrants’ health through reduced acculturation to Western foods, greater access to cultural foods, and/or promotion of salubrious values/practices. It is unclear, however, whether an association exists between Canada-wide regional immigrant density and obesity among immigrants. Thus, we examined whether regional immigrant density was related to obesity, among immigrants. Adult immigrant respondents (n = 15,595) to a national population-level health survey were merged with region-level immigrant density data. Multi-level logistic regression was used to model the odds of obesity associated with increased immigrant density. The prevalence of obesity among the analytic sample was 16%. Increasing regional immigrant density was associated with lower odds of obesity among minority immigrants and long-term white immigrants. Immigrant density at the region-level in Canada may be an important contextual factor to consider when examining obesity among immigrants.
KeywordsImmigrant density Obesity Canada Immigrants
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Research involving human participants was conducted in accordance with the ethical standards of the University of British Columbia and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Access to and analyses of the data were performed under the approval of the University of British Columbia’s clause concerning use of public datasets (Policy #89: Research Involving Human Participants).
Informed consent was obtained from participants included in the Statistics Canada datasets.
- 1.Statistics Canada. 150 years of immigration in Canada. 2016. Available from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11-630-x/11-630-x2016006-eng.htm.
- 6.Statistics Canada. Canadian Community Health Survey—Annual Component. 2014. Available from http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb/p2SV.pl?Function=getSurvey&Id=164081NHS2011.
- 7.Statistics Canada. National Household Survey User Guide. 2013. Available from http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/olc-cel/olc.action?ObjId=99-001-x2011001&ObjType=46&lang=en&limit=0.
- 9.The University of British Columbia Board of Governors. Policy #89: Research Involving Human Participants. 2012. Available from http://universitycounsel.ubc.ca/files/2012/06/ policy89.pdf.