Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 1109–1117 | Cite as

The Development and Psychometric Properties of the Immigration Law Concerns Scale (ILCS) for HIV Testing

  • Julia LechugaEmail author
  • Carol L. Galletly
  • Michelle R. Broaddus
  • Julia B. Dickson-Gomez
  • Laura R. Glasman
  • Timothy L. McAuliffe
  • Miriam Y. Vega
  • Sarah LeGrand
  • Carla A. Mena
  • Morgan L. Barlow
  • Erik Valera
  • Judith I. Montenegro
Original Paper


To develop, pilot test, and conduct psychometric analyses of an innovative scale measuring the influence of perceived immigration laws on Latino migrants’ HIV-testing behavior. The Immigration Law Concerns Scale (ILCS) was developed in three phases: Phase 1 involved a review of law and literature, generation of scale items, consultation with project advisors, and subsequent revision of the scale. Phase 2 involved systematic translation- back translation and consensus-based editorial processes conducted by members of a bilingual and multi-national study team. In Phase 3, 339 sexually active, HIV-negative Spanish-speaking, non-citizen Latino migrant adults (both documented and undocumented) completed the scale via audio computer-assisted self-interview. The psychometric properties of the scale were tested with exploratory factor analysis and estimates of reliability coefficients were generated. Bivariate correlations were conducted to test the discriminant and predictive validity of identified factors. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a three-factor, 17-item scale. subscale reliability ranged from 0.72 to 0.79. There were significant associations between the ILCS and the HIV-testing behaviors of participants. Results of the pilot test and psychometric analysis of the ILCS are promising. The scale is reliable and significantly associated with the HIV-testing behaviors of participants. Subscales related to unwanted government attention and concerns about meeting moral character requirements should be refined.


Immigration law Perceived immigration laws Immigrant Latino HIV testing 



This study was funded by The National Institutes of Health (Grant Number 1R01MH091875-02). Preparation of this article was supported, in part, by center grant P30-MH52776 from the National Institute of Mental Health.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia Lechuga
    • 1
    Email author return OK on get
  • Carol L. Galletly
    • 2
  • Michelle R. Broaddus
    • 2
  • Julia B. Dickson-Gomez
    • 2
  • Laura R. Glasman
    • 2
  • Timothy L. McAuliffe
    • 2
  • Miriam Y. Vega
    • 3
  • Sarah LeGrand
    • 4
  • Carla A. Mena
    • 4
  • Morgan L. Barlow
    • 4
  • Erik Valera
    • 5
  • Judith I. Montenegro
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Education and Human ServicesLehigh UniversityBethlehemUSA
  2. 2.Center for AIDS Intervention ResearchThe Medical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA
  3. 3.AIDS Project of East BayOaklandUSA
  4. 4.Duke Global Health Institute, Center for Health Policy and Inequalities ResearchDuke UniversityRaleighUSA
  5. 5.The Latino Commission on AIDSNew YorkUSA

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