Intergenerational Trauma in Refugee Families: A Systematic Review
- 2.7k Downloads
Although a robust literature describes the intergenerational effects of traumatic experiences in various populations, evidence specific to refugee families is scattered and contains wide variations in approaches for examining intergenerational trauma. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) criteria, the purpose of this systematic review was to describe the methodologies and findings of peer-reviewed literature regarding intergenerational trauma in refugee families. In doing so we aimed to critically examine how existing literature characterizes refugee trauma, its long-term effects on descendants, and psychosocial processes of transmission in order to provide recommendations for future research. The results highlight populations upon which current evidence is based, conceptualizations of refugee trauma, effects of parental trauma transmission on descendants’ health and well-being, and mechanisms of transmission and underlying meanings attributed to parental trauma in refugee families. Greater methodological rigor and consistency in future evidence-based research is needed to inform supportive systems that promote the health and well-being of refugees and their descendants.
KeywordsIntergenerational trauma Refugees Families
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
All listed authors have reviewed and approved this manuscript, report no conflicts of interest, and will accept responsibility for its content.
- 1.United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees (UNHCR): population statistics. UNCHR, 2015. Available from http://www.unhcr.org.
- 10.Hein J. Refugees, immigrants, and the state. Annu Rev Sociol. 1993;43–59.Google Scholar
- 14.Fridman A, Bakermans-Kranenburg MJ, Sagi-Schwartz A, Van IJzendoorn MH. Coping in old age with extreme childhood trauma: aging Holocaust survivors and their offspring facing new challenges. Aging & Ment. Health (London). 2011;15(2):232–42.Google Scholar
- 15.Kellermann NPF. Perceived parental rearing behavior in children of Holocaust survivors. Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci. 2015;38(1):58–68.Google Scholar
- 25.Weinberg MK, Cummins RA. Intergenerational effects of the Holocaust: subjective well-being in the offspring of survivors. J Intergener Relatsh. 2013;11(2):148–61.Google Scholar
- 26.Vaage AB, Thomsen PH, Rousseau C, Wentzel-Larsen T, Ta TV, Hauff E. Paternal predictors of the mental health of children of Vietnamese refugees. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Ment Health. 2011;5(2):1–11.Google Scholar
- 30.Daud A, Klinetberg B, Rydelius PA. Resilience and vulnerability among refugee children of traumatized and non-traumatized parents. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Mental Health. 2008;2(7).Google Scholar