Local-Level Immigration Enforcement and Food Insecurity Risk among Hispanic Immigrant Families with Children: National-Level Evidence
Local-level immigration enforcement generates fear and reduces social service use among Hispanic immigrant families but the health impacts are largely unknown. We examine the consequence of 287(g), the foundational enforcement program, for one critical risk factor of child health—food insecurity. We analyze nationally representative data on households with children from pooled cross-sections of the Current Population Survey Food Supplemental Survey. We identify the influence of 287(g) on food insecurity pre-post-policy accounting for metro-area and year fixed-effects. We find that 287(g) is associated with a 10 percentage point increase in the food insecurity risk of Mexican non-citizen households with children, the group most vulnerable to 287(g). We find no evidence of spillover effects on the broader Hispanic community. Our results suggest that local immigration enforcement policies have unintended consequences. Although 287(g) has ended, other federal-local immigration enforcement partnerships persist, which makes these findings highly policy relevant.
KeywordsImmigrant health Local immigration policy Food insecurity
We thank Juan Pedroza for his thoughtful insight and support.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- 1.Passel JS, Cohn DV. Trends in unauthorized immigration: undocumented inflow now trails legal inflow, vol. 2. Washington: Pew Hispanic Center; 2008.Google Scholar
- 10.Capps R, Koball H, Campetella A, Perreira K, Hooker S, Pedroza JM. Implications of Immigration Enforcement Activities for the well-being of children in immigrant families. Washington, D.C.: Migration Policy Institute; 2015.Google Scholar
- 12.Kohli A, Markowitz PL, Chavez L. Secure communities by the numbers: an analysis of demographics and due process. Berkeley: The Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Law and Social Policy; 2011.Google Scholar
- 14.Koball H, Capps R, Perreira K, Campetella A, Hooker S, Pedroza JM, et al. Health and social service needs of US-citizen children with detained or deported immigrant parents. Washington: Urban Institute and Migration Policy Institute; 2015.Google Scholar
- 16.Capps R, Rosenblum MR, Rodriguez C, Chishti M. Delegation and divergence: a study of 287 (g) state and local immigration enforcement. Washington: Migration Policy Institute; 2011.Google Scholar
- 17.Gill H, Nguyen MT, Parker KL, Weissman D. Legal and social perspectives on local enforcement of immigration under the section 287 (g) program. Pop Gov. 2009;74(3):1–14.Google Scholar
- 19.Perreira KM, Crosnoe R, Fortuny K, Pedroza J, Ulvestad K, Weiland C, et al. Barriers to immigrants’ access to health and human services programs. ASPE Research Brief. Washington: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. http://www.urban.org/publications/413260.html (2012).
- 20.Watson T. Inside the refrigerator: immigration enforcement and chilling effects in medicaid participation. Am Econ J. 2014;6(3):313–38.Google Scholar
- 25.Cavazos-Rehg PA, Zayas LH, Spitznagel EL. Legal status, emotional well-being and subjective health status of Latino immigrants. J Nat Med Assoc. 2007;99(10):1126.Google Scholar
- 26.Lopez MH, Minushkin S, Center PH. Hispanics see their situation in US deteriorating; oppose key immigration enforcement measures. Washington: Pew Hispanic Center; 2008.Google Scholar
- 29.Toomey RB, Umaña-Taylor AJ, Williams DR, Harvey-Mendoza E, Jahromi LB, Updegraff KA. Impact of Arizona’s SB 1070 immigration law on utilization of health care and public assistance among Mexican-origin adolescent mothers and their mother figures. Am J Public Health. 2014;104(S1):S28–34.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 32.O’Neil KS. Immigration enforcement by local police under 287 (g) and growth of unauthorized immigrant and other populations. Available at SSRN 2210765 2013.Google Scholar
- 35.Wooldridge JM. Econometric analysis of cross section and panel data. Cambridge: MIT press; 2010.Google Scholar
- 36.Pham H, Van PH. Economic impact of local immigration regulation: an empirical analysis. Immigr Nat’lity L Rev. 2010;31:687.Google Scholar
- 39.Kimbro RT, Denney JT, Panchang S. Individual, family, and neighborhood characteristics and children’s food insecurity. J Appl Res Child. 2012;3(1):8.Google Scholar
- 40.(FOIA) FoIAR. ICE FOIA Case Number 2015-ICFO-89811. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement; 2015.Google Scholar
- 42.(ICE) IaCE. 287(g) Master Stats-Oct. 31, 2010. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement; 2010.Google Scholar