Utilitarian and Recreational Walking Among Spanish- and English-Speaking Latino Adults in Micropolitan US Towns
Walking among Latinos in US Micropolitan towns may vary by language spoken.
In 2011–2012, we collected telephone survey and built environment (BE) data from adults in six towns located within micropolitan counties from two states with sizable Latino populations. We performed mixed-effects logistic regression modeling to examine relationships between ethnicity-language group [Spanish-speaking Latinos (SSLs); English-speaking Latinos (ESLs); and English-speaking non-Latinos (ENLs)] and utilitarian walking and recreational walking, accounting for socio-demographic, lifestyle and BE characteristics.
Low-income SSLs reported higher amounts of utilitarian walking than ENLs (p = 0.007), but utilitarian walking in this group decreased as income increased. SSLs reported lower amounts of recreational walking than ENLs (p = 0.004). ESL–ENL differences were not significant. We identified no statistically significant interactions between ethnicity-language group and BE characteristics.
Approaches to increase walking in micropolitan towns with sizable SSL populations may need to account for this group’s differences in walking behaviors.
KeywordsPhysical activity Ethnicity Rural populations Environment design Public health
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