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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 309–317 | Cite as

Dietary Profiles of First-Generation South Asian Indian Adolescents in the United States

  • Pamela Martyn-Nemeth
  • Laurie Quinn
  • Usha Menon
  • Shakuntala Shrestha
  • Chaula Patel
  • Grishma Shah
Original Paper

Abstract

This study aimed to describe the dietary profile and health characteristics of first-generation South Asian Indian (SAI) adolescents in the United States because SAIs have a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, and dietary risk factors for those diseases begin in youth. A descriptive cross-sectional design was used to examine age, gender, usual dietary intake, body composition, blood pressure, blood glucose, and length of residency among 56 first-generation, urban SAI adolescents. Intake of saturated fat exceeded recommendations for all participants, and potassium, magnesium, calcium, vitamin D, and fiber intakes were insufficient in nearly all. Sodium intake exceeded recommendations for most males. Cholesterol intake and sweets consumption was lower among those who lived in the U.S. longer. There were no associations of dietary patterns with health characteristics. Dietary patterns that may increase future disease risk included high saturated fats and low potassium, magnesium, calcium, vitamin D, and fiber.

Keywords

Diet South Asian Indian Adolescent Cardiovascular risk Diabetes risk 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Supported in part by the University of Chicago: Diabetes Research and Training Center: NIH-NIDDK: P60 DK020595-32S3 and by the UIC College of Nursing Internal Research Support Program (IRSP). The authors report no financial conflict. The authors thank Kevin Grandfield, UIC Department of Biobehavioral Health Science Publication Manager, for editorial assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pamela Martyn-Nemeth
    • 1
  • Laurie Quinn
    • 1
  • Usha Menon
    • 2
  • Shakuntala Shrestha
    • 1
  • Chaula Patel
    • 1
  • Grishma Shah
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biobehavioral Health Science, College of NursingUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.College of NursingUniversity of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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