Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 392–397 | Cite as

Cultural and Religious/Spiritual Beliefs and the Impact on Health that Fear to Death has on Gender and Age, Among a Romani Minority Group from Southern Spain

  • Eugenio Restrepo-Madero
  • María Victoria Trianes-Torres
  • Antonio Muñoz-García
  • Rafael Alarcón
Original Paper


The Romani cultural minority living in Spain has cultural values and beliefs, religious/spiritual expressions and a particular vision of death. The relationship between these aspects and health is unknown. A sample of 150 people responded to a socio-demographic questionnaire and well-being measures of religious/spiritual experience, paranormal beliefs and fear of death. Age, a negative sense of life, fear of the death of others, being a woman and having low paranormal beliefs have a negative impact on health. Results allow for extending the relationships found in the general population to the Romani population as well. The novelty is that, in the latter, paranormal beliefs protect against disease. Additionally, fear of the death of others damages health more than fear of one’s own death. These results make sense in the context of the Romani culture and religion.


Fear of death Health Spirituality Paranormal beliefs Women Romani Gypsy 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

The research process in this study was conducted in compliance with Spanish Law 15/1999 of December 13, on Protection of Personal Data, published in Official State Gazette No. 298 on 14/12/1999 (consolidated version of March 5, 2011).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eugenio Restrepo-Madero
    • 1
  • María Victoria Trianes-Torres
    • 1
  • Antonio Muñoz-García
    • 2
  • Rafael Alarcón
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad de MálagaMálagaSpain
  2. 2.Universidad de GranadaGranadaSpain

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