Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 407–414 | Cite as

Postpartum Pain in the Community Among Migrant and Non-migrant Women in Canada

  • Abbey Mahon
  • Lisa Merry
  • Olivia Lu
  • Anita J. Gagnon
Original Paper


International migrant women of childbearing age represent a large proportion of immigrants to high-income countries, yet research focusing on their postpartum health is limited. We investigated predictive factors for breast and non-breast pain 1 week post-birth in migrant and non-migrant women in Canada. Among migrant women, difficulty accessing health services; being from a middle-or high-income country; poor functionality in English and French; living with the father of their infant; and having no regular care provider were predictive of breast pain. Among non-migrant women, difficulties accessing health services, multiparity and prenatal education were predictive of breast pain, while receiving an epidural and having no regular care provider were predictive of non-breast pain. Among both groups, difficulties accessing health services and having no regular care provider were predictive of breast pain, while second degree or higher perineal tearing was predictive of non-breast pain. Migration-specific indicators should be considered in postpartum care planning.


Emigration and immigration Postnatal care Pain Maternal welfare Minority health 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abbey Mahon
    • 1
  • Lisa Merry
    • 1
  • Olivia Lu
    • 1
  • Anita J. Gagnon
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Ingram School of NursingMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Research Institute of the McGill University Health CentreMontrealCanada

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