Advertisement

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 484–488 | Cite as

Length of Residence and Vehicle Ownership in Relation to Physical Activity Among U.S. Immigrants

  • Dale Terasaki
  • India Ornelas
  • Brian Saelens
Brief Communication
  • 124 Downloads

Abstract

Physical activity among U.S. immigrants over time is not well understood. Transportation may affect this trajectory. Using a survey of documented immigrants (N = 7240), we performed simple, then multivariable logistic regression to calculate ORs and 95 % CIs between length of residence (LOR) and both light-to-moderate (LPA) and vigorous (VPA) activity. We adjusted for demographic variables, then vehicle ownership to assess changes in ORs. Compared to new arrivals, all four LOR time-intervals were associated with lower odds of LPA and higher odds of VPA in simple analysis. All ORs for LPA remained significant after including demographics, but only one remained significant after adding vehicle ownership. Two ORs for VPA remained significant after including demographics and after adding vehicle ownership. Immigrants lower their light-to-moderate activity the longer they reside in the U.S., partly from substituting driving for walking. Efforts to maintain walking for transportation among immigrants are warranted.

Keywords

Immigrants Physical activity Length of residence Transportation 

References

  1. 1.
    Oza-Frank R, Stephenson R, Venkat Narayan KM. Diabetes prevalence by length of residence among US immigrants. J Immigr Minor Heal. 2009;13:1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Murillo R, Albrecht SS, Daviglus ML, Kershaw KN. The role of physical activity and sedentary behaviors in explaining the association between acculturation and obesity among Mexican–American adults. Am J Health Promotion. 2015;30(1):50–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Survey Data. Atlanta: Georgia; 2010.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gerber M, Barker D, Pühse U. Acculturation and physical activity among immigrants: a systematic review. J Public Health. 2011;20:313–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kandula NR, Lauderdale DS. Leisure time, non-leisure time, and occupational physical activity in Asian Americans. Ann Epidemiol. 2005;15:257–65.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dogra S, Meisner BA, Ardern CI. Variation in mode of physical activity by ethnicity and time since immigration: a cross-sectional analysis. Int J Behav Nut Phys Act. 2010;7:75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pucher J, Renne JL. Socioeconomics of Urban Travel : evidence from the 2001 NHTS. Transp Q. 2003;57:49–78.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jasso G, Massey DS, Rosenzweig MR, Smith JP. The U.S. New Immigrant Survey: overview and preliminary results based on the new-immigrant cohorts of 1996 and, 2003. In: Morgan B, Nicholson B, editors. Immigration research and statistics service workshop on longitudinal surveys and cross-cultural survey design: workshop proceedings. London: Crown Publishing; 2005. p. 29–46.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Population Health. 2015. BRFSS prevalence and trends data. http://wwwdev.cdc.gov/brfss/brfssprevalence/. Accessed Sep 30 2015.
  10. 10.
    Martinez SM, Ayala GX, Arredondo EM, Finch B, Elder J. Active transportation and acculturation among Latino children in San Diego County. Prev Med. 2008;47:313–8.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Belza B, Walwick J, Shiu-Thornton S, Schwartz S, Taylor M, LoGerfo J. Older adult perspectives on physical activity and exercise: voices from multiple cultures. Prev Chronic Dis. 2004;1:A09.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health ServicesUniversity of Washington School of Public HealthSeattleUSA

Personalised recommendations