Intimate Partner Violence and Its Associated Factors in a Sample of Colombian Immigrant Population in Spain

Abstract

Immigrants are vulnerable to Intimate partner violence (IPV). This study aims at characterising IPV among Colombian immigrants, and to identify its associated factors. Cross-sectional study on 336 Colombian immigrants (46 % women), aged 15–70 years, living in Spain. Self-reported questionnaire information on IPV suffered throughout the last year was collected face-to-face. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with IPV. Almost 30 % of participants reported IPV, without differences by gender (p = 0.339). Partner’s alcohol consumption was associated with a higher frequency of being victim of IPV in both sexes. In women, low educational level, and discrimination were further associated to IPV. Younger age, and poorer self-perceived health in Spain as compared to Colombia were factors associated in men. Results showed similarly high levels of IPV among immigrant men and women. Alcohol consumption, education, discrimination, age, and poor self-perceived health were factors associated to IPV.

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Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank all institutions, professionals, and Colombian immigrants who voluntarily participated in this study and who spent their scarce and valuable time to fill in the questionnaire and to share their experiences of IPV with us to make this work possible.

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Correspondence to Sandra Milena Colorado-Yohar.

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Colorado-Yohar, S.M., Agudelo-Suárez, A.A., Huerta, J.M. et al. Intimate Partner Violence and Its Associated Factors in a Sample of Colombian Immigrant Population in Spain. J Immigrant Minority Health 18, 904–912 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-015-0330-x

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Keywords

  • Intimate partner violence (IPV)
  • Domestic violence
  • Immigrants
  • Colombians
  • Spain