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Incorporating Cultural Perspectives into Diabetes Self-Management Programs for East Asian Immigrants: A Mixed-Study Review

Abstract

It is important to understand East Asian immigrants (EAIs)’ unique perspectives in managing diabetes in order to provide culturally-competent care. However, it is not known whether EAIs’ perspectives are addressed in diabetes self-management interventions developed for EAIs. Therefore, a mixed-study review was conducted to identify EAIs’ perspective from qualitative research (n = 9 studies) and to evaluate the components of EAI diabetes self-management interventions (n = 7). Themes from the qualitative synthesis demonstrated that EAIs have unique cultural values and traditional health beliefs while struggling with multi-contextual barriers due to immigration. The evaluation of EAI diabetes self-management interventions revealed that there was a lack of consensus on cultural strategies for EAIs’ across the interventions. Addressing language barriers was the only factor consistently integrated in the cultural components of intervention by employing bilingual interventionists. EAIs’ perspectives and experiences need to be incorporated in the future diabetes self-management interventions to better provide culturally-competent care.

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Correspondence to Chorong Park.

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Park, C., Nam, S. & Whittemore, R. Incorporating Cultural Perspectives into Diabetes Self-Management Programs for East Asian Immigrants: A Mixed-Study Review. J Immigrant Minority Health 18, 454–467 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-015-0181-5

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Keywords

  • East Asian immigrants
  • Cultural competency
  • Diabetes mellitus type 2
  • Self-management
  • Mixed-study review