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Common Mental Disorders at the Time of Deportation: A Survey at the Mexico–United States Border

Abstract

Deportations from the Unites States (US) to Mexico increased substantially during the last decade. Considering deportation as a stressful event with potential consequences on mental health, we aimed to (1) estimate the prevalence of common mental disorders (CMD) among deported migrants; and (2) explore the association between migratory experience, social support and psychological variables, and CMD in this group. In repatriation points along the border, a probability sample of deportees responded to the Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ). The prevalence of CMD was 16.0 % (95 % CI 12.3, 20.6). There was a U-shaped association between time in the US and SRQ score. Times returned to Mexico, having a spouse in the US, number of persons in household, less social support, anxiety as a personality trait, and avoidant coping style were directly associated with SRQ score. Public health policies should address the need for mental health care among deported migrants.

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Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the support of all EMIF-N collaborators, and especially of Dr. Marie-Laure Coubés, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte. The research project on which this article was based was funded by Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT), México, no. SALUD-2012-01-183085.

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Correspondence to Ietza Bojorquez.

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Bojorquez, I., Aguilera, R.M., Ramírez, J. et al. Common Mental Disorders at the Time of Deportation: A Survey at the Mexico–United States Border. J Immigrant Minority Health 17, 1732–1738 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-014-0083-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-014-0083-y

Keywords

  • Common mental disorders
  • Return migration
  • Deportation
  • Mental health