Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 47–55 | Cite as

Correlates of Sexual Risk for HIV Among US-Born and Foreign-Born Latino Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM): An Analysis from the Brothers y Hermanos Study

  • Yuko MizunoEmail author
  • Craig B. Borkowf
  • George Ayala
  • Alex Carballo-Diéguez
  • Gregorio A. Millett
Original Paper


Little research has been conducted to examine whether correlates of sexual risk vary by nativity among Latino men who have sex with men (MSM). We used cross sectional data collected from 870 Latino MSM recruited with respondent-driven sampling techniques. For each sub-sample (US-born and foreign-born), we assessed the association between each of the potential correlates (substance use, acculturation, social support, and social discrimination) and sexual risk behavior. Illicit drug use was associated with increased odds of sexual risk behavior in both US-born (OR = 2.17, 95 % CI 1.17–4.03) and foreign-born (OR = 1.86, 1.14–3.05) subgroups. Multivariate correlates specific to foreign-born men included binge drinking (OR = 1.91, 1.17–3.14), 15 years or longer spent in the US (OR = 1.79, 1.06–3.03) and exposure to social discrimination (OR = 2.02, 1.03–3.99). Given the diversity of Latino MSM, information from research that identifies both common and different HIV risk factors across subgroups of Latino MSM may help better tailor HIV prevention programs.


Latino MSM Nativity Correlates Sexual risk behavior 



This study was funded through a cooperative agreement from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The authors thank the entire Brothers y Hermanos research team, the study participants without whom this research would not have been possible, and the collaborating community-based partners and community advisory boards who contributed to the design and implementation of the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York (Outside the USA) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuko Mizuno
    • 1
    Email author
  • Craig B. Borkowf
    • 1
  • George Ayala
    • 2
  • Alex Carballo-Diéguez
    • 3
    • 4
  • Gregorio A. Millett
    • 5
  1. 1.Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB PreventionCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.The Global Forum on MSM and HIVOaklandUSA
  3. 3.New York State Psychiatric InstituteNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Columbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.Centers for Disease Control and PreventionWashingtonUSA

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