Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 922–925

Noninfectious Disease Among the Bhutanese Refugee Population at a United States Urban Clinic

  • Gayathri S. Kumar
  • Selina Varma
  • Michael S. Saenger
  • Molly Burleson
  • Brandon A. Kohrt
  • Paul Cantey
Original Paper

Abstract

A large number of Bhutanese are currently being resettled to the United States. A high prevalence of noninfectious diseases has been noted in some refugee groups, but data on the Bhutanese refugee population are lacking. A retrospective, chart review study was conducted to determine proportion of noninfectious disease among ethnically Nepali Bhutanese refugees (n = 66) seen at the Grady Refugee Clinic (GRC). GRC disease proportions included the following: 52 % of the patients were overweight/obese (n = 34), 23 % were hypertensive (n = 15), 12 % had vitamin B12 deficiency (n = 8), 15 % had depression (n = 10), and 14 % had diabetes (n = 9). Nine (90 %) patients with depression had chronic disease compared to 30 (54 %) of the patients without depression. The study found a substantial burden of chronic disease, micronutrient deficiency, and depression in the GRC. Further research is needed to accurately describe the disease burden in refugee populations and to evaluate pre-resettlement disease prevention strategies to provide a framework for future public health interventions.

Keywords

Bhutanese Refugee Chronic disease Noninfectious disease 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gayathri S. Kumar
    • 1
  • Selina Varma
    • 2
  • Michael S. Saenger
    • 1
  • Molly Burleson
    • 2
  • Brandon A. Kohrt
    • 3
  • Paul Cantey
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Rollins School of Public HealthEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Division of Parasitic Diseases and MalariaCenter for Global Health, CDCAtlantaUSA

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