Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 460–466 | Cite as

Adoption of Safety Eyewear Among Citrus Harvesters in Rural Florida

  • Paul F. Monaghan
  • Carol A. Bryant
  • Robert J. McDermott
  • Linda S. Forst
  • John S. Luque
  • Ricardo B. Contreras
Original Paper


The community-based prevention marketing program planning framework was used to adapt an evidence-based intervention to address eye injuries among Florida’s migrant citrus harvesters. Participant-observer techniques, other direct observations, and individual and focus group interviews provided data that guided refinement of a safety eyewear intervention. Workers were attracted to the eyewear’s ability to minimize irritation, offer protection from trauma, and enable work without declines in productivity or comfort. Access to safety glasses equipped with worker-designed features reduced the perceived barriers of using them; deployment of trained peer-leaders helped promote adoption. Workers’ use of safety glasses increased from less than 2% to between 28% and 37% in less than two full harvesting seasons. The combination of formative research and program implementation data provided insights for tailoring an existing evidence-based program for this occupational community and increase potential for future dissemination and worker protection.


Migrant farm workers Eye injuries Community health workers Occupational health Rural health 



This project was supported by the CDC/Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Centers U48/CCU415803-05, Cooperative Agreement Number 1-U48-DP-000062), Community Based Prevention Marketing: Building Local Capacity for Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Citrus Worker Pilot Project; NIOSH/CDC Grant Number HHS CCU516863-01; Reducing Eye Injuries in Latino Farm Workers; and ASPH Trans-Association Grant, T3287-22/22 and T3119-23/23 Eye Injury Prevention in Migrant Farmworkers in Florida.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul F. Monaghan
    • 1
  • Carol A. Bryant
    • 2
  • Robert J. McDermott
    • 2
  • Linda S. Forst
    • 3
  • John S. Luque
    • 4
  • Ricardo B. Contreras
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Education and CommunicationUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Florida Prevention Research CenterUniversity of South Florida College of Public HealthTampaUSA
  3. 3.University of Illinois-Chicago School of Public HealthChicagoUSA
  4. 4.Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public HealthGeorgia Southern UniversityStatesboroUSA
  5. 5.Department of AnthropologyEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA

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