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Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 189–197 | Cite as

Self-Reported Discrimination and Health-Related Quality of Life Among Whites, Blacks, Mexicans and Central Americans

  • Angie Denisse OtinianoEmail author
  • Gilbert C. Gee
Original Paper

Abstract

This study investigates whether self-reported racial discrimination is related to poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Analyses focused on Whites (n = 52,571), Blacks (n = 4,343), Mexicans (n = 12,336), Central Americans (n = 1,504), Multi-ethnic Latinos (n = 1,102), and Other Latinos (n = 1,828) who participated in the 2003 and 2005 California Health Interview survey. Logistic and negative binomial regression was used to examine the association between HRQoL (assessed with the CDC unhealthy days measures) and self-reported racial discrimination. Discrimination was reported by 10% of Whites, 57% of Blacks, and 24–31% of the Latino groups. These reports were associated with increased number of unhealthy days, disability days, and poor self-rated health, even after, controlling for education and other factors. This association did not consistently vary by race/ethnicity. Racial discrimination may be a risk factor for poor HRQoL among diverse groups. Future research should examine the factors that may reduce potential exposure to racial discrimination.

Keywords

Self-reported discrimination Health-related quality of life Whites Blacks Latinos 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This project was supported by the Department of Community Health Sciences at the UCLA School of Public Health. We would like to acknowledge Ninez Ponce for assistance with the statistical programming, and Deborah Ling and Jennifer Tsui for commenting on a draft of our manuscript. We would also like to acknowledge support from the California Center for Population Research at the University of California, Los Angeles.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public Health, Community Health SciencesUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.California Center for Population ResearchUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

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