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A Profile of US-Mexico Border Mobility Among a Stratified Random Sample of Hispanics Living in the El Paso-Juarez Area

Abstract

Examination of border-specific characteristics such as trans-border mobility and transborder health service illuminates the heterogeneity of border Hispanics and may provide greater insight toward understanding differential health behaviors and status among these populations. In this study, we create a descriptive profile of the concept of trans-border mobility by exploring the relationship between mobility status and a series of demographic, economic and socio-cultural characteristics among mobile and non-mobile Hispanics living in the El Paso-Juarez border region. Using a two-stage stratified random sampling design, bilingual interviewers collected survey data from border residents (n = 1,002). Findings show that significant economic, cultural, and behavioral differences exist between mobile and non-mobile respondents. While non-mobile respondents were found to have higher social economic status than their mobile counterparts, mobility across the border was found to offer less acculturated and poorer Hispanics access to alternative sources of health care and other services.

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Acknowledgment

The project was supported by Award Number P20MD002287 from the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent offical views of the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities or the National Institutes of Health.

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Correspondence to L. M. Lapeyrouse.

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Lapeyrouse, L.M., Morera, O., Heyman, J.M.C. et al. A Profile of US-Mexico Border Mobility Among a Stratified Random Sample of Hispanics Living in the El Paso-Juarez Area. J Immigrant Minority Health 14, 264–271 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-011-9453-x

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Keywords

  • Border health
  • Health care utilization
  • Health disparities
  • Hispanic
  • Trans-border mobility