Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 947–951 | Cite as

HIV/STI Risk Among Male Mexican Immigrants in Dallas, Texas: Findings from a Pilot Study

  • Kate S. Wilson
  • Elizabeth Eggleston
  • Claudia Diaz-Olavarrieta
  • Sandra G. Garcia
Brief Communication

Abstract

Rates of HIV and STIs are higher among Latinos than the general U.S. population. A number of factors place Latino immigrants at particularly high risk. 128 male Mexican immigrants in Dallas, Texas completed personal interviews. We measured the prevalence of HIV/STI risk factors and identified sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics associated with higher risk. 9% of the total sample had 3 or more sexual partners in the past year. 5% had sex with a commercial sex worker (CSW). 11% had sex with another man. 11% had a previous STI diagnosis. Risk behaviors and STI history were more prevalent among men who had used illegal drugs or frequently consumed alcohol (18% of the sample) than among others. The overall prevalence of HIV/STI risk factors in this population was moderate. However, men who drank alcohol frequently and used illegal drugs were more likely than others to report engaging in behaviors that put them at risk for acquiring HIV/STI.

Keywords

STI HIV Risk factors Sexual behavior Mexican Immigrant Latino 

References

  1. 1.
    U.S. Census Bureau, Facts for Features: Hispanic Heritage Month, Sept 15–Oct 15, 2008. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/facts_for_features_special_editions/012245.html.
  2. 2.
    Centers for Disease Control. HIV/AIDS among Hispanics/Latinos: CDC HIV/AIDS Facts (updated October, 2008). http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/ hispanics/resources/factsheets/hispanic.htm.
  3. 3.
    Centers for Disease Control, Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance, 2007. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; 2008.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Painter T. Connecting the dots: when the risks of HIV/STD infection appear high but the burden of infection is not known—the case of male Latino migrants in the southern United States. AIDS Behav. 2008;12:213–26.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kissinger P, Liddon N, Schmidt N, Curtin E, Salinas O, Narvaez A. HIV/STI risk behaviors among Latino migrant workers in New Orleans post-Hurricane Katrina disaster. Sex Trans Dis. 2008;35(11):924-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Parrado EA, Flippen CA, McQuiston C. Use of commercial sex workers among Hispanic migrants in North Carolina: implications for the spread of HIV. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2004;36(4):150–6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hirsch J, Muñoz-Laboy M, Nyhus CM, Yount KM, Bauermeister JA. They “miss more than anything their normal life back home”: masculinity and extramarital sex among Mexican migrants in Atlanta. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2009;41(1):23–32.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Varela-Ramirez A, Mejia A, Garcia D, Bader J, Aguilera RJ. HIV infection and risk behavior of Hispanic farm workers at the west Texas-Mexico border. Ethn Dis. 2005;15(4 Suppl 5):S5-92-6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Texas Department of State Health Services, HIV and STI Epidemiology Division. Texas Epidemiology Annual Report 2006.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Caballero-Hoyos R, Torres-Lopez T, Pineda-Lucatero A, Navarro-Nuñez C, Fosados R, Valente TW. Between tradition and change: condom use with primary sexual partners among Mexican migrants. AIDS Behav. 2008;12(4):561–9. (Epub 2008 Apr 4).CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kate S. Wilson
    • 1
  • Elizabeth Eggleston
    • 2
  • Claudia Diaz-Olavarrieta
    • 3
  • Sandra G. Garcia
    • 1
  1. 1.Population CouncilMexico CityMexico
  2. 2.WashingtonUSA
  3. 3.Instituto Nacional de Salud PublicaMexico CityMexico

Personalised recommendations