Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 83–91 | Cite as

Knowledge of HIV Risk Factors Among Immigrants in Thailand

  • Theodore D. FullerEmail author
  • Aphichat Chamratrithirong
Original Paper


This study is based on a sample of 3,374 immigrants from Cambodia and Myanmar who worked in 17 different provinces in Thailand. Many immigrants workers had not even heard of HIV/AIDS before coming to Thailand, but most have received instruction about HIV/AIDS from some source in Thailand, and a large majority are now aware of HIV/AIDS. While immigrant workers in Thailand are fairly knowledgeable about the risk factors for HIV transmission, important gaps remain. Women, persons with less than five years of education, seafarers, agricultural workers, those who do not personally know anyone affected by HIV/AIDS, and those who have not yet received instruction in HIV/AIDS are the ones most likely to have gaps in their knowledge of HIV/AIDS risk factors.


HIV/AIDS Immigrant workers Thailand Myanmar Cambodia Risk factors 



The data for this project were collected as part of the PHAMIT Project (Prevention of HIV/AIDS among Migrants Workers in Thailand), coordinated by the Raks Thai Foundation with support from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (GFATM): The Global Fund Program on AIDS (GPA).


  1. 1.
    UNAIDS and IOM. Migration and AIDS. Int Migr. 1998;36:445–66.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Haour-Knipe M. Global mobility, HIV and AIDS. World migration 2005: costs and benefits of international migration. Geneva: International Organization for Migration; 2005. p. 339–49, Chapter 20.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    United Nations Development Programme. Thailand’s response to HIV/AIDS: progress and challenges. Bangkok: United Nations Development Programme; 2004.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gallant M, Maticka-Tyndale E. School-based HIV prevention programmes for African youth. Soc Sci Med. 2003;58:1337–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Minichiello V, Marino R, Browne J. Knowledge, risk perceptions and condom usage in male sex workers from three Australian cities. AIDS Care. 2001;13:387–402.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Svenson LW, Carmel S, Varnhagen CK. A review of the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of university students concerning HIV/AIDS. Health Promot Int. 1997;12:61–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bernardi L. Determinants of individual AIDS risk perception: knowledge, behavioural control and social influence. African J AIDS Res. 2002;1:111–24.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Simbayi LC, Kaliichman SC, Jooste S, Cherry C, Mfecane S, Cain D. Risk factors for HIV-AIDS among youth in Cape Town, South Africa. AIDS Behav. 2005;9:53–61.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Catania JA, Kegeles SM, Coates TJ. Towards an understanding of risk behavior—an AIDS Risk Reduction Model (ARRM). Health Educ Q. 1990;17:53–72.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Huguet JW, Punpuing S. International migration in Thailand. Bangkok: International Organization for Migration; 2005.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    London AS, Driscoll AK. Correlates of HIV/AIDS knowledge among U.S.-born and foreign-born Hispanics in the United States. J Immigr Health. 1999;1:195–205.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Slonim-Nevo V, Mukuka L. AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and behavior among adolescents in Zambia. AIDS Behav. 2005;9:223–31.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shah I, Thongthai V, Leoprapai B, Mundigo AI, Prasartkul P, Chamratrithirong A. Knowledge and perceptions about AIDS among married women in Bangkok. Soc Sci Med. 1991;33:1287–93.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mullany LC, Maung C, Beyrer C. HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, and practices among Burmese migrant factory workers in Tak Province, Thailand. AIDS Care. 2003;15:63–70.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Poudel KC, Jimba M, Joshi AB, Poudel-Tandukar K, Sharma M, Wakai S. Retention and effectiveness of HIV/AIDS training of traditional healers in far western Nepal. Tropical Med Int Health. 2005;10:640–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Chamratrithirong A, Boonchalaksi W, Yampeka P. Prevention of HIV/AIDS among Migrant Workers in Thailand (PHAMIT): the baseline survey 2004. Bangkok: Institute for Population and Social Research; 2005.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theodore D. Fuller
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aphichat Chamratrithirong
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SociologyVirginia TechBlacksburgUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Population and Social ResearchMahidol UniversityBangkokThailand

Personalised recommendations