Advertisement

Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 139–142 | Cite as

Importance of Travel in Domestically Acquired Typhoid Fever Infections: Opportunities for Prevention and Early Detection

  • Trang Quyen NguyenEmail author
  • Vasudha Reddy
  • Sara Sahl
  • Laura Kornstein
  • Sharon Balter
Brief Communication

Abstract

Approximately 25% of Salmonella typhi infections in the US occur among nontravelers. Two S. typhi infections in a major US metropolitan city acquired domestically in 2005 were epidemiologically linked to a S. typhi-infected Haitian traveler through their congregation meetings. This investigation highlighted the importance of integrating multiple methods of obtaining epidemiologic information, including laboratory evidence and multiple individual and group interviews. Physicians should consider typhoid fever in their differential diagnosis in communities with close ties to endemic areas. Education of communities whose residents travel regularly to typhoid-endemic areas can reduce infection and transmission risk.

Keywords

New York City Communicable disease control Travel Typhoid fever 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Bun Tha at the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Public Health Laboratory for her PFGE subtyping work. We also appreciate the critical review of this manuscript by Lorna Thorpe, Marci Layton and Julie Magri. The authors do not have an association that might pose a conflict of interest. This publication was supported by Epidemiology and Laboratory Capacity for Infectious Diseases Cooperative Agreement Number 5U50CI223667 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

References

  1. 1.
    Health Information for International Travel 2005–2006. Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2005.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mermin JH, Townes JM, Gerber M, Dolan N, Mintz ED, Tauxe RV. Typhoid fever in the United States, 1985–1994: changing risks of international travel and increasing antimicrobial resistance. Arch Intern Med. 1998;158:633–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Olsen SJ, Bleasdale SC, Magnano AR, et al. Outbreaks of typhoid fever in the United States, 1960–99. Epidemiol Infect. 2003;130:13–21.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mathieu JJ, Henning KJ, Bell E, Frieden TR. Typhoid fever in New York city, 1980 through 1990. Arch Intern Med. 1994;154:1713–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Angell SY, Cetron MS. Health disparities among travelers visiting friends and relatives abroad. Ann Intern Med. 2005;142:67–72.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wilson ME. The traveller and emerging infections: sentinel, courier, transmitter. J Appl Microbiol. 2003;94:1S–11S.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jong EC. United States epidemiology of hepatitis A: influenced by immigrants visiting friends and relatives in Mexico? Am J Med. 2005;118:50S–7S.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Swaminathan B, Barrett TJ, Hunter SB, Tauxe RV. PulseNet: the molecular subtyping network for foodborne bacterial disease surveillance, United States. Emerg Infect Dis. 2001;7:382–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Navarro F, Llovet T, Echeita MA, et al. Molecular typing of Salmonella enterica serovar typhi. J Clin Microbiol. 1996;34:2831–4.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    McNabb SJ, Jajosky RA, Hall-Baker PA, et al. Summary of notifiable diseases—United States, 2005. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2007;54:1–92.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Trang Quyen Nguyen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Vasudha Reddy
    • 3
  • Sara Sahl
    • 3
  • Laura Kornstein
    • 4
  • Sharon Balter
    • 3
  1. 1.Epidemic Intelligence ServiceCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Division of EpidemiologyNew York City Department of Health and Mental HygieneNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Bureau of Communicable DiseaseNew York City Department of Health and Mental HygieneNew York CityUSA
  4. 4.Public Health LaboratoryNew York City Department of Health and Mental HygieneNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations