This study examined socio-demographic differences in acculturation patterns among early immigrant and second-generation Arab Americans, using data from 120 participants who completed a Web-based study. Although sex, age, education, and income did not significantly relate to the acculturation process, respondents who were female and those who were married reported greater Arab ethnic identity and religiosity. Striking differences were found based on religious affiliation. Christian patterns of acculturation and mental health were consistent with acculturation theory. For Muslims, however, integration was not associated with better mental health, and religiosity was predictive of better family functioning and less depression. The results of this study suggest unique acculturation patterns for Christian and Muslim subgroups that can better inform future research and mental health service.
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This work was supported in part by a grant from the Arab American Institute Foundation.
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Amer, M.M., Hovey, J.D. Socio-demographic Differences in Acculturation and Mental Health for a Sample of 2nd Generation/Early Immigrant Arab Americans. J Immigrant Minority Health 9, 335–347 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-007-9045-y