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Longitudinal Trajectories of Passion and Their Individual and Social Determinants: A Latent Growth Modeling Approach

Abstract

While the Dualistic Model of Passion posits that passion can fluctuate over time, the investigation of this notion still remains understudied and is mostly assessed indirectly. This study directly examined the ongoing development of passion in a sample of young adults (N = 205) over a period of 4 months. The contribution of individual (need fulfillment) and social (perceived parental styles) determinants to the growth trajectories were also considered. Via latent growth modeling, the results showed that harmonious passion, obsessive passion, and the passion criteria had elevated levels at the initial measurement, and that passion remained high and stable over the course of 4 months. As for the predictors, parental autonomy-support predicted all three trajectories, while parental overprotection predicted obsessive passion, and psychological need fulfillment predicted harmonious passion. These findings provide a deeper insight into the temporal dynamics of passion as well as highlight key variables for fostering passion in general or harmonious passion as well as for taming obsessive passion.

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Fig. 1

Notes

  1. Alternative quadratic and cubic models were also tested, but most of these failed to converge or had parameterization issues, suggesting that these growth changes might not be appropriate for the present data.

  2. Initial auxiliary analyses were also conducted to test whether respondents’ gender was related to either the initial passion values or the trajectories in all three models. However, none of the standardized regression coefficients were significant for harmonious passion (βintercept = − .038, p = .710; βslope = .056, p = .585), obsessive passion (βintercept = − .065, p = .495; βslope = − .256, p = .061), or the passion criteria (βintercept = − .086, p = .394; βslope = .083, p = .518).

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Funding

The first, the second, and the fifth authors were supported by the Hungarian Research Fund (NKFI FK 124225). The second author was also supported by the ÚNKP-18-3 New National Excellence Program of the Ministry of Human Capacities.

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Correspondence to István Tóth-Király.

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Tóth-Király, I., Bőthe, B., Jánvári, M. et al. Longitudinal Trajectories of Passion and Their Individual and Social Determinants: A Latent Growth Modeling Approach. J Happiness Stud 20, 2431–2444 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-018-0059-z

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Keywords

  • Development
  • Dualistic model of passion (DMP)
  • Latent growth modeling (LGM)
  • Longitudinal
  • Parenting style
  • Psychological need fulfillment