Does Valuing Happiness Enhance Subjective Well-Being? The Age-Differential Effect of Interdependence
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Previous studies found that the association between valuing happiness and well-being could be mediated by interdependence, and such mediation differed across cultures. We hypothesize a similar disparity between younger and older generations within the same culture. To test this hypothesis, the current study assessed Chinese younger and older adults’ self-construal (independence and interdependence), subjective well-being, and the extent to which they valued happiness. The results showed that valuing happiness was only significantly associated with independent self-construal and was not associated with subjective well-being in younger adults. Valuing happiness was positively associated with both independent and interdependent self-construal among older adults, but only the latter mediated the relationship between valuing happiness and subjective well-being. Our findings suggest that the effect of valuing happiness may change with age.
KeywordsValuing happiness Pursuit of happiness Subjective well-being Interdependence Independence Aging
Work on this manuscript was partially supported by Hong Kong Research Grants Council General Research Fund #14403014 and a direct grant from Faculty of Social Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The data of the present study can be found on Open Science Framework via the link below: https://mfr.osf.io/render?url=https%3A%2F%2Fosf.io%2F9dvr3%2Fdownload.
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