Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 19, Issue 8, pp 2205–2223 | Cite as

Mindfulness Based Flourishing Program: A Cross-Cultural Study of Hong Kong Chinese and British Participants

  • Itai IvtzanEmail author
  • Tarli Young
  • Hoi Ching Lee
  • Tim Lomas
  • Daiva Daukantaitė
  • Oscar N. E. Kjell
Research Paper


The Mindfulness Based Flourishing Program (MBFP) is an online 8-week intervention developed for enhancing wellbeing with the use of mindfulness practices, through targeting a range of positive variables. The efficacy of the MBFP has been demonstrated in a randomized controlled trial, and in order to further establish it as an intervention with widespread application, cross-cultural validation is warranted. The current study was conducted with the primary aim of testing the validity of the MBFP with a Hong Kong Chinese population, as well as verifying its positive effects. A randomized wait-list controlled design was adopted with 115 participants (92 females, mean age = 31.50). Intervention outcomes were compared between Hong Kong Chinese and British participants. Five positive variables were examined (self-compassion, meaning in life, positive and negative emotions, gratitude, and mindfulness), and measures were taken pre- and post-intervention. Significant gains in wellbeing measures were observed in both the Hong Kong Chinese and the British experimental groups. Levels of wellbeing post-intervention were also higher for the two experimental groups as compared to their control counterparts. The current study provides preliminary evidence for the MBFP’s cross-cultural validity, and strengthens previous claims for its efficacy as a new, accessible alternative for enhancing wellbeing.


Positive psychology Mindfulness Cross-cultural Wellbeing Randomized controlled trial 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

This study received ethical approval from the Research Ethics Committee of the University of East London, Water Lane, London E15 4LZ.

Supplementary material

10902_2017_9919_MOESM1_ESM.docx (29 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 28 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe University of East London UELLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyLund UniversityLundSweden

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