Measurement Invariance of Personal Well-Being Index (PWI-8) Across 26 Countries
- 781 Downloads
This report examines the measurement invariance of the Personal Well-being Index with 8 items (PWI-8). University students (N = 5731) from 26 countries completed the measure either through paper and pencil or electronic mode. We examined uni-dimensional structure of PWI and performed a Multi-group CFA to assess the measurement invariance across the 26 countries, using conventional approach and the alignment procedure. The findings provide evidence of configural and partial metric invariance, as well as partial scalar invariance across samples. The findings suggest that PWI-8 can be used to examine correlates of life satisfaction across all included countries, however it is impossible to compare raw scores across countries.
KeywordsPersonal well-being index Cross-cultural studies Measurement invariance
The work of Jarosław P. Piotrowski was supported by research Grant rewarded by University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poznan Faculty. The work of Jan Cieciuch was supported by grants 2014/14/M/HS6/00919 from the National Science Centre, Poland.
- Bond, M. H. (1991). Beyond the Chinese face: Insights from psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Brown, T. A. (2015). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research (2nd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Byrne, B. N. (2012). Structural Equation modelling with mplus. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Engel, L., & Cummins, R. A. (2011). Impact of dose adjustment for normal eating in Australia (OzDAFNE) on subjective wellbeing, coping resources and negative affect in adults with type 1 diabetes: A prospective comparison study. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 91, 271–279. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2010.11.023.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Huntington, S. (1996). The clash of civilizations and remaking of world order. New York: Touchstone.Google Scholar
- International Wellbeing Group (2006). Personal wellbeing index. Melbourne: Australian Centre on Quality of Life, Deakin University. Retrieved from http://www.deakin.edu.au/research/acqol/instruments/wellbeing_index.htm.
- International Wellbeing Group (2013). Personal wellbeing index: 5th edition. Melbourne: Australian Centre on Quality of Life, Deakin University. Retrieved from http://www.deakin.edu.au/research/acqol/instruments/wellbeingindex/index.php.
- Sarriera, J. C., Casas, F., Alfaro, J., Bedin, L., Strelhow, M. R., Abs, D., et al. (2014). Psychometric properties of the personal wellbeing index in Brazilian and Chilean adolescents including spirituality and religion. Psychology/Psicologia Refl exão e Crítica, 27, 710–719. doi: 10.1590/1678-7153.201427411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Satorra, A., & Bentler, P. M. (1994). Corrections to test statistics and standard errors in covariance structure analysis. In A. von Eye & C. C. Clogg (Eds.), Latent variables analysis: Applications for developmental research (pp. 399–419). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar