Comparing the Effects of Three Online Cognitive Reappraisal Trainings on Well-Being

Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10902-016-9779-0

Cite this article as:
Ranney, R.M., Bruehlman-Senecal, E. & Ayduk, O. J Happiness Stud (2016). doi:10.1007/s10902-016-9779-0


This experimental training study examined which of three brief online cognitive reappraisal training protocols best enhances well-being and emotion regulation in response to stressful events. Participants were randomly assigned to learn positive reframing, self-distancing, or temporal distancing, and were asked to practice these techniques in their daily lives as interpersonal stressors arose naturally. The control group was instructed to continue regulating their emotions as they naturally would. Compared to the control, all training groups showed decreased negative emotional reactivity to the visualization of a recent stressful event 2 weeks post-training. They also showed a significant increase in general well-being from baseline to post-training. Participants’ change in reappraisal accounted for the training groups’ increased well-being.


Emotion regulation Cognitive reappraisal Self-distancing Temporal distancing Positive reframing Well-being 

Funding information

Funder NameGrant NumberFunding Note
John Templeton Foundation
  • 24226

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of IllinoisChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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