Gratitude and Athletes’ Life Satisfaction: The Moderating Role of Mindfulness
- 1.1k Downloads
Life satisfaction is a critical index of well-being and is well documented in the literature as a means of protecting athletes from stress. However, minimal research has focused on the factors that contribute to life satisfaction in sports. Accordingly, we adopted the positive psychology perspective and proposed that gratitude would relate to athletes’ life satisfaction. Additionally, we further suggested that mindfulness would strengthen the relationship between gratitude and athletes’ life satisfaction. Athletes completed measurements, and the results, which indicated that athletes with higher levels of gratitude exhibited increased life satisfaction when they had higher levels of mindfulness, supported our expectations. The implications and applications are discussed in terms of mindfulness.
KeywordsMindful attention Broaden and build effect Well-being
Lung Hung Chen’s research on gratitude was supported by Ministry of Education (2012 project of elastic salary for outstanding scholar, 1010186882) and Ministry of Science and Technology (103-22628-H-179-001-MY2), Taiwan, R.O.C.
- Aiken, L. S., & West, S. G. (1996). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interaction. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Chang, J.-H., Lin, Y.-C., & Huang, C.-L. (2011). Psychometric properties of the Chinese translation of Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (CMAAS). Psychological Testing, 58, 235–260.Google Scholar
- Fredrickson, B. L. (2004). Gratitude, like other positive emotion, broadens and builds. In R. A. Emmons & M. E. McCullough (Eds.), The psychology of gratitude (pp. 145–166). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Good, D. J., Lyddy, C. J., Glomb, T. M., Bono, J. E., Brown, K. W., Duffy, M. K., Lazar, S. W. (2016). Contemplating mindfulness at work: An integrative review. Journal of Management, 42(1), 114–142. doi: 10.1177/0149206315617003.
- Kaczmarek, L. D., Kashdan, T. B., Drążkowski, D., Enko, J., Kosakowski, M., Szäefer, A., & Bujacz, A. (2015). Why do people prefer gratitude journaling over gratitude letters? The influence of individual differences in motivation and personality on web-based interventions. Personality and Individual Differences, 75, 1–6. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.11.004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lewis, C., & Marx, J. (1990). Inside track: My professional life in amateur track and field. New York: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
- Tsang, J.-A., Carpenter, T. P., Roberts, J. A., Frisch, M. B., & Carlisle, R. D. (2014). Why are materialists less happy? The role of gratitude and need satisfaction in the relationship between materialism and life satisfaction. Personality and Individual Differences, 64, 62–66. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.02.009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Yen, C.-L. (2014). Principle of experimental design and its application in sport and physical education research. Physical Education Journal, 47(4), 475–488.Google Scholar