Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 63–88 | Cite as

Changes with Age in Subjective Well-Being Through the Adolescent Years: Differences by Gender

  • Mònica González-CarrascoEmail author
  • Ferran Casas
  • Sara Malo
  • Ferran Viñas
  • Tamar Dinisman
Research Paper


A one-year follow up study was conducted on a sample of 940 Spanish adolescents aged mostly from 10 to 15 in order to explore the extent to which their subjective well-being (SWB) changes from one year to the next, and whether these changes are the same for both genders regardless of the instrument used to measure SWB. Participants responded to the same four SWB scales twice, with an interval of a year in between. A decrease in the levels of SWB is identified from the years 11–12 onwards, the decrease in girls being more marked. Multiple-item, domain-based scales (Brief Multidimensional Student’s Life Satisfaction Scale and Personal Well-Being Index) are more sensitive than single-item scales (Overall Life Satisfaction and Happiness Taking into Account Overall Life) in detecting this decrease. Implications for the study of SWB are discussed from a developmental perspective.


Subjective well-being Adolescence Longitudinal study Repeated measures ANOVA 



This article is based on data collected in the research project with reference number PSI2010-19404 and PSI2013-41512-P, founded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (MINECO). Particular thanks are due to Barney Griffiths for editing English.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mònica González-Carrasco
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ferran Casas
    • 1
  • Sara Malo
    • 1
  • Ferran Viñas
    • 1
  • Tamar Dinisman
    • 1
  1. 1.Quality of Life Research Institute, Faculty of Education and PsychologyUniversity of GironaGironaSpain

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