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Grit and Different Aspects of Well-Being: Direct and Indirect Relationships via Sense of Coherence and Authenticity

Abstract

Grit, passion and perseverance for long-term goals, is strongly related to success in goal attainment even under challenging circumstances. We investigated how grit relates to three aspects of well-being: psychological well-being (PWB), satisfaction with life, and harmony in life. This relationship is approached through organismic valuing theory, which proposes that people are naturally motivated to grow towards their highest potential; grit is proposed as being akin to such growth motivation. In two studies (Study 1 with 196 university students, and Study 2 with 396 non-students), direct and indirect (mediating) effects between grit and well-being were investigated. Sense of coherence (SOC) and authenticity were used as mediators, and gender as a moderator. Grit was positively related to all well-being factors, and SOC and authenticity were significant mediators (complementary for PWB and indirect-only for satisfaction with life and harmony in life). This suggests that grittiness in goal pursuits requires both a sense that the world is coherent and an authentic connection with the self in order for it to fully benefit well-being. No gender moderation was found.

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Acknowledgments

We would like to express our gratitude to Jason Maurer for his great job editing the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Daiva Daukantaitė.

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Mia M. Vainio and Daiva Daukantaitė have contributed equally to this study.

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Vainio, M.M., Daukantaitė, D. Grit and Different Aspects of Well-Being: Direct and Indirect Relationships via Sense of Coherence and Authenticity. J Happiness Stud 17, 2119–2147 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-015-9688-7

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Keywords

  • Grit
  • Psychological well-being
  • Life satisfaction
  • Harmony
  • Sense of coherence
  • Authenticity
  • Organismic valuing theory