Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 1205–1217 | Cite as

Subjective Wellbeing Among Adults with Diabetes: Results from Diabetes MILES—Australia

  • Elizabeth Holmes-TruscottEmail author
  • Jessica L. Browne
  • Frans Pouwer
  • Jane Speight
  • Robert A. Cummins
Research Paper


This study examines the subjective wellbeing of Australian adults with diabetes who completed the Diabetes MILES—Australia survey, investigating by diabetes type and treatment, and by comparing with the subjective wellbeing of the general Australian adult population. In addition, the extent to which depression and socio-demographic factors account for subjective wellbeing is investigated. People with type 1 or type 2 diabetes have significantly lower subjective wellbeing compared to the general population, even after controlling for covariates (demographic and socio-economic status, diabetes duration, body mass index, number of diabetes-related complications, and depression). Furthermore, adults with type 2 diabetes using insulin to manage their condition report the lowest levels of subjective wellbeing, and are also most likely to report dissatisfaction with their current health. These findings suggest that living with diabetes, and in particular, living with type 2 diabetes and using insulin, strongly challenges the maintenance of subjective wellbeing.


Type 1 diabetes Type 2 diabetes Personal wellbeing index Subjective wellbeing Depression 



The Diabetes MILES—Australia 2011 Survey was funded by a National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS) Strategic Development Grant. The NDSS is an initiative of the Australian Government administered by Diabetes Australia. In addition, Diabetes MILES—Australia received an unrestricted educational grant from sanofi aventis to support the development of the study website and miscellaneous activities.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth Holmes-Truscott
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jessica L. Browne
    • 1
    • 2
  • Frans Pouwer
    • 3
  • Jane Speight
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Robert A. Cummins
    • 2
  1. 1.The Australian Centre for Behavioural Research in DiabetesDiabetes Australia – VicMelbourneAustralia
  2. 2.School of PsychologyDeakin UniversityBurwoodAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Centre of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases (CoRPS)Tilburg UniversityTilburgThe Netherlands
  4. 4.AHP Research LtdHornchurchUK

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