Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 239–255 | Cite as

Feeling Good Makes Us Stronger: How Team Resilience Mediates the Effect of Positive Emotions on Team Performance

  • Isabella Meneghel
  • Marisa Salanova
  • Isabel M. Martínez
Research Paper


This study investigated the relationship between collective positive emotions at work and team resilience, expanding on the Broaden and Build theory of Fredrickson (Rev Gen Psychol 2:300–319, 1998; Am Psychol 56:218–226, 2001) at the collective (i.e., work teams) level of analysis. Through the aggregate scores of 1,076 employees (61 % men), grouped into 216 teams and belonging to 40 companies, five collective positive emotions were evaluated (i.e., enthusiasm, optimism, satisfaction, comfort, and relaxation) as well as team resilience. Additionally, ratings of the 216 supervisors of the teams were used to assess team performance (i.e., in- and extra-role performance). Structural equation modeling at the team level of analysis indicated that team resilience mediates the relationship between collective positive emotions and team performance, both in- and extra-role. The results highlight the importance of developing collective positive emotions to help teams to foster team resilience and improve their performance. The article concludes with practical strategies aimed at developing collective positive emotions, together with limitations and suggestions for future research.


Collective positive emotions Team resilience Team performance Broaden and Build theory Structural equation modeling 



This research was supported by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (#PSI2011-22400).

Supplementary material

10902_2014_9592_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (157 kb)
Supplementary material Online Resource 1. Full set of items for each scale used in the study (PDF 156 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabella Meneghel
    • 1
  • Marisa Salanova
    • 1
  • Isabel M. Martínez
    • 1
  1. 1.WoNT Research Team, Departamento de Psicología Social, Facultad de Ciencias de la SaludUniversitat Jaume ICastellón de la PlanaSpain

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