Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 251–261 | Cite as

The Role of Hope, Spirituality and Religious Practice in Adolescents’ Life Satisfaction: Longitudinal Findings

  • Susana C. MarquesEmail author
  • Shane J. Lopez
  • Joanna Mitchell
Research Paper


This longitudinal study presents the first examination of the relation between hope, spirituality, religious practice and life satisfaction of students in Portugal. A sample of 227 adolescents aged 15–19 completed the Portuguese versions of the Children Hope Scale, Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale and a single item for each spirituality and religious practice variable. The results from the cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses suggest that hope and spirituality, but not religious practice, were strongly linked to adolescents’ life satisfaction. Hope significantly predicted life satisfaction at a single time point, 6-months and 1-year later, and spirituality scores added significant variance beyond hope scores. All the variables demonstrate moderate to high stability across 6-months and 1-year time frame; no significant changes were found between the variables across the administrations. These results parallel recent studies of adult and child life satisfaction and suggest strategies to promote life satisfaction in adolescents.


Hope Life satisfaction Portuguese adolescents Religious practice Spirituality 



This research was funded via a Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) grant obtained by the first author.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susana C. Marques
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shane J. Lopez
    • 2
  • Joanna Mitchell
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Psychology and Educational SciencesUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Clifton Strengths School and GallupOmahaUSA
  3. 3.Faculty of Life and Social SciencesSwinburne UniversityHawthornAustralia

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