Advertisement

Journal of Happiness Studies

, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 807–817 | Cite as

The Happy Personality in India: The Role of Emotional Intelligence

  • Christopher A. HafenEmail author
  • Kamlesh Singh
  • Brett Laursen
Research Paper

Abstract

This study examined the relations among the big five personality traits, emotional intelligence, and happiness. Participants included 205 (51 females, 154 males) university students in India. A series of mediational path analyses tested whether emotional intelligence mediated the relationship between personality traits and feelings of happiness. The analyses revealed that emotional intelligence mediates associations between several personality factors and happiness for females but not for males. Specifically, for females, emotional intelligence mediated the associations from conscientiousness and emotional instability to happiness, while males evidenced only direct associations. The findings suggest different associations than those of past studies regarding personality and happiness in Western samples. According to these results from an Indian sample, emotional intelligence may serve as an intermediary from personality to happiness for females, but has independent contributions to happiness for males.

Keywords

Emotional intelligence India Happiness Personality 

References

  1. Arbuckle, J. (2006). Amos 7.0. Chicago: Smallwaters.Google Scholar
  2. Argyle, M., & Lu, L. (1990). The happiness of extroverts. Personality and Individual Differences, 11, 1011–1017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Austin, E. J., Saklofske, D. H., Sandra, H. S., Huang, D. H. S., & McKenney, D. (2004). Measurement of trait emotional intelligence: Testing and cross-validating a modified version of Schutte et al.’s (1998) measure. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 555–562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brebner, J., Donaldson, J., Kirby, N., & Ward, L. (1995). Relationship between happiness and personality. Personality and Individual Differences, 19, 251–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Caprara, G. V., Barbaranelli, C., Hahn, R., & Comrey, A. L. (2001). Factor analyses of the NEO-PI-R Inventory and the Comrey Personality Scales in Italy and the United States. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 217–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Bennett, E., & Furnham, A. (2007). The happy personality: Mediational role of trait emotional intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 42, 1633–1639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cheng, H., & Furnham, A. (2001). Attributional style and personality as predictors of happiness and mental health. Journal of Happiness Studies, 2, 307–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1980). Influence of extraversion and emotional instability on subjective well-being: Happy and unhappy people. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, 668–678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEOPI-R) and NEO Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). Odessa FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
  10. DeNeve, K., & Cooper, H. (1998). The happy personality: A meta-analysis of 137 personality traits and subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 124, 197–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Diener, E., & Diener, M. (1995). Cross-cultural correlates of life satisfaction and self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 653–663.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ellis, J. B., & Wittenbaum, G. M. (2000). Relationships between self-construal and verbal promotion. Communication Research, 27, 704–722.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Francis, L. J. (1999). Happiness is a thing called stable extraversion: A further examination of the relationship between the Oxford Happiness Inventory and Eysenck’s dimensional model of personality and gender. Personality and Individual Differences, 26, 5–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Francis, L. J., Katz, Y. J., Yablon, Y., & Robbins, M. (2004). Religiosity, personality, and happiness: A study among Israeli male undergraduates. Journal of Happiness Studies, 5, 315–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Furnham, A., & Brewin, C. (1990). Personality and happiness. Personality and Individual Differences, 11, 1093–1096.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Furnham, A., & Cheng, H. (1999). Personality as predictors of mental health and happiness in the East and West. Personality and Individual Differences, 27, 395–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Furnham, A., & Petrides, K. V. (2003). Trait emotional intelligence and happiness. Social Behaviour and Personality, 31, 815–824.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gannon, N., & Ranzijn, R. (2005). Does emotional intelligence predict unique variance in life satisfaction beyond IQ and personality? Personality and Individual Differences, 38, 1353–1364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hayes, N., & Joseph, S. (2003). Big 5 correlates of three measure of subjective well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 723–727.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Heaven, P. C. L. (1989). Extraversion, emotional instability and satisfaction with life among adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 10, 489–492.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hills, P., & Argyle, M. (2002). The oxford happiness questionnaire: A compact scale for the measurement of psychological well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 33, 1073–1082.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kapoor, S., Hughes, P. C., Baldwin, J. R., & Blue, J. (2003). The relationship of individualism- collectivism and self-construals to communication styles in India and the United States. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 27, 683–700.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lyubomirsky, S., Sheldon, K. M., & Schkade, D. (2005). Pursuing happiness: The architecture of sustainable change. Review of General Psychology, 9, 111–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mayer, J. D., Salovey, P., & Caruso, D. R. (2000). Emotional intelligence as a zeitgeist, as personality, and as a mental ability. In R. Bar-On & J. D. A. Parker (Eds.), The handbook of emotional intelligence. Theory, development, assessment, and application at home, school, and in the workplace. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  25. McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (1991). Validation of the five factors model of personality across instruments and observers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 81–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nave, C. S., Sherman, R. A., & Funder, D. C. (2008). Beyond self-report in the study of hedonic and eudaimonic well-being: Correlations with acquaintance reports, clinician judgments, and directly observed social behavior. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 643–659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Oishi, S., Diener, E., Scollon, C. N., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2004). Cross-situational consistency of affective experiences across cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 460–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Petrides, K. V., & Furnham, A. (2000). On the dimensional structure of emotional intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences, 29, 313–320.Google Scholar
  29. Petrides, K. V., & Furnham, A. (2001). Trait emotional intelligence: Psychometric investigation with reference to established trait taxonomies. European Journal of Personality, 15, 425–448.Google Scholar
  30. Rossier, J., Dahourou, D., & McCrae, R. R. (2005). Structural and mean-level analyses of the five-factor model and locus of control - Further evidence from Africa. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 36, 227–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Schmitt, D. P., Allik, J., McCrae, R. R., & Benet-Martinez, V. (2007). The geographic distribution of big five personality traits: Patterns and profiles of human self-description across 56 nations. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 38, 173–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sobel, M. E. (1982). Asymptotic intervals for indirect effects in structural equations models. In S. Leinhart (Ed.), Sociological methodology (pp. 290–312). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  33. Steel, P., & Ones, D. S. (2002). Personality and happiness: A national-level analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 767–781.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Steel, P., Schmidt, J., & Schultz, J. (2008). Refining the relationship between personality and subjective well-being. Psychological Bulletin, 134, 138–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Suh, E. M., & Koo, J. (2008). Comparing subjective well-being across cultures and nations. In M. Eid & R. J. Larsen (Eds.), The science of subjective well-being. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher A. Hafen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  • Kamlesh Singh
    • 3
  • Brett Laursen
    • 1
  1. 1.Florida Atlantic UniversityBoca RatonUSA
  2. 2.University of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Indian Institute of TechnologyDelhiIndia
  4. 4.Center for Advanced Study of Teaching and LearningCharlottesvilleUSA

Personalised recommendations