The present study investigated the relation between reaction to negative stimuli and memory for stimuli. The relation was further investigated using as a framework individuals’ affective temperaments (AFTs). Eighty adolescents participated in the study. The AFTs are based on selfreported affect and categorizes individuals in four temperaments: self-actualizing, high affective, low affective and self-destructive. Reaction to negative stimuli was measured by interpretation of specific words in a short story. Two days later, participants were presented with a list of words and asked which of them were present in the short story. Individuals’ AFTs were expected to predict the promotion of pleasure or the prevention of displeasure. On a general level, reaction to negative stimuli predicted memory for negative, positive and neutral words. At an individual level, self-actualizers and high affectives’ negative reaction predicted the memory of positive words (i.e., promotion). In contrast, low affectives’ negative and positive reaction predicted the memory of neutral words (i.e., prevention).
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The authors wish to thank the participants for their help facilitating the study. Appreciation is also directed to reviewers who helped improve the manuscript.
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Garcia, D., Rosenberg, P., Erlandsson, A. et al. On Lions and Adolescents: Affective Temperaments and the Influence of Negative Stimuli on Memory. J Happiness Stud 11, 477–495 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-009-9153-6
- Affective temperament
- Attention memory
- Negativity bias
- Positivity bias
- Prevention focus
- Promotion focus