Quality of Life of HIV-Infected People Across Different Stages of Infection

Abstract

Quality of life is an important component in the evaluation of the well-being of HIV-infected patients. In the present study, an attempt has been made to compare HIV-infected patients across the three stages namely, asymptomatic, symptomatic, and AIDS-related conditions. This is a cross-sectional study. For this study, a total number of 90 subjects, 30 each in asymptomatic, symptomatic, and AIDS-related conditions, were taken. The study population consisted of HIV positive individual already enrolled in Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center, Institute of Medical Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India. The WHOQOL-HIV BREF was used to assess quality of life across the group of patients. One-way analysis of variance was performed to find out significant difference between the clinical categories. On average AIDS patients experienced significantly poorer quality of life in all the six domains, namely physical (M = 7.87, SD = 1.83), psychological (M = 8.50, SD = 1.54), level of independence (M = 8.57, SD = 1.59), social relation (M = 9.17, SD = 2.59), environment (M = 8.78, SD = 1.50), and spirituality/religion/personal belief (M = 6.93, SD = 1.26) to symptomatic and asymptomatic HIV-infected people (p = .000). Result suggested that there is an inverse relationship between quality of life and different stages of HIV infection.

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Abbreviations

HIV:

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

AIDS:

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

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Correspondence to Yogita Rai.

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Rai, Y., Dutta, T. & Gulati, A.K. Quality of Life of HIV-Infected People Across Different Stages of Infection. J Happiness Stud 11, 61–69 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-008-9122-5

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Keywords

  • Quality of life
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  • WHOQOL-HIV BREF